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In an effort to study the molecular basis of the determination processes of the mammalian germ cell lineage, we have tried to isolate a mouse gene homolog to vasa, which plays an essential role as a maternal determining factor for the formation of Drosophila germ cell precursors. By reverse transcriptase PCRs of mouse primordial germ cell cDNAs using(More)
Plant alkaloids, one of the largest groups of natural products, provide many pharmacologically active compounds. Several genes in the biosynthetic pathways for scopolamine, nicotine, and berberine have been cloned, making the metabolic engineering of these alkaloids possible. Expression of two branching-point enzymes was engineered: putrescine(More)
The antioncogenic Chk2 kinase plays a crucial role in DNA damage-induced cell-cycle checkpoint regulation. Here we show that Chk2 associates with the oncogenic protein Wip1 (wild-type p53-inducible phosphatase 1) (PPM1D), a p53-inducible protein phosphatase. Phosphorylation of Chk2 at threonine68 (Thr68), a critical event for Chk2 activation, which is(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of sunitinib in Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS Fifty-one Japanese patients with prior nephrectomy, 25 treatment-naive patients (first-line group) and 26 cytokine-refractory patients (pretreated group) were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients received(More)
BACKGROUND Axitinib (AG-013736) is an oral, selective and potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR)-1, 2 and 3. This phase II study investigated axitinib efficacy, safety and biomarkers in Japanese patients with cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS In an open-label, multicentre(More)
A cDNA library of spermatids was screened by a differential hybridization in order to isolate genes expressed in haploid cells of the mouse male germ line. A clone was found that encoded a protein related to the heat shock protein 70. A genomic DNA clone comparable to this cDNA clone was also isolated from a mouse genomic library. This gene had only one(More)
BACKGROUND Germline-specific differential DNA methylation that persists through fertilization and embryonic development is thought to be the 'imprint' distinguishing the parental alleles of imprinted genes. If such methylation is to work as the imprinting mechanism, however, it has to be reprogrammed following each passage through the germline. Previous(More)
BACKGROUND In a phase II, open-label, multicentre Japanese study, sunitinib demonstrated antitumour activity and acceptable tolerability in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. Final survival analyses and updated results are reported. METHODS Fifty-one Japanese patients with a clear-cell component of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (25(More)
OBJECTIVE This semiprospective case-control study was performed to investigate the relationship between harmony-seeking personality and the occurrence of prostate cancer. METHODS Out of 217 consecutive participants admitted to hospital for biopsy, 86 and 81 were classified into the case and control groups, respectively, based on their initial diagnosis(More)
We report a multicenter trial with transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. A total of 72 consecutive patients with stage T1c-2NOM0 prostate cancer were treated using the Sonablate 500TM HIFU device (Focus Surgery, Indianapolis, USA). Biochemical recurrence was defined according to the criteria(More)