Hiroyuki Arata

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A capacitor microphone was used to measure the enthalpy and volume changes that accompany the electron transfer reactions, PQAhv leads to P+Q-A and PQAQBhv leads to P+QAQ-B, following flash excitation of photosynthetic reaction centers isolated from Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides. P is a bacteriochlorophyll dimer (P-870), and QA and QB are ubiquinones. In(More)
Proton release by flash excitations was measured with right-side-out vesicles prepared from Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides by lysozyme-EDTA treatment followed by hypotonic treatment. Absorbance change at 586 nm in the presence of bromcresol purple was measured to monitor the pH change. In the presence of horse heart cytochrome c, which catalyzes the electron(More)
Ion channels in tonoplast of leaf cells of a Crassulacean acid metabolism plant, Graptopetalum paraguayense, using the patch clamp technique were investigated. Results showed the existence of two types of channels involved in the malate ion transport across the tonoplast. One type corresponded to the slow-activating vacuolar-type (R Hedrich, E Neher [1987](More)
Characteristics and occurrence of cytochrome c-552 from an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Roseobacter denitrificans, were described. Relative molecular mass of the cytrochrome was 13.5 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and 15,000 by gel filtration. This cytochrome was a acidic protein having a pI of 5.6 and Em(More)
Delayed fluorescence from bacteriochlorophyll in the chromatophores of Chromatium vinosum, a photosynthetic purple sulfur bacterium, was studied in the presence of o-phenanthroline (o-phen) under intermittent illumination. Re-reduction of the photooxidized reaction center bacteriochlorophyll (P+) in the dark interval was accelerated by o-phen. This effect(More)
The effects of pH on the thermodynamic properties of the proton-translocating cyclic electron transfer system in a purple photosynthetic bacterium Chromatium vinosum were studied. Two thermodynamic parameters, the flux (Je) and force (deltamue) of the electron transfer process, were analyzed. The rate of electron transfer in the re-reduction of(More)
Erythrobacter sp. OCh 114, an aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, had trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) reductase activity, which increased when the culture medium contained TMAO. The reductase was located in the periplasm. The bacteria grew anaerobically in the presence of TMAO. These results suggested that Erythrobacter OCh 114 has the ability to reduce TMAO(More)
A cytochrome cb-type enzyme with cytochrome c-oxidase activity was purified from an aerobic phototrophic bacterium Roseobacter denitrificans. The enzyme was solubilized with sucrose monodecanoate from the membranes of R. denitrificans grown aerobically under light conditions, and purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. Absorption spectra of the purified(More)
Delayed fluorescence from bacteriochlorophyll in Chromatium vinosum chromatophores was studied at room temperature and under intermittent illuminations. The decay of delayed fluorescence was constituted of two components; a fast component decayed with a half time of about 8 ms, a slow one decayed in parallel with the reduction of photooxidized(More)