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Small, compact genomes of ultrasmall unicellular algae provide information on the basic and essential genes that support the lives of photosynthetic eukaryotes, including higher plants. Here we report the 16,520,305-base-pair sequence of the 20 chromosomes of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D as the first complete algal genome. We(More)
In yeast, C-tail-anchored mitochondrial outer membrane protein Fis1 recruits the mitochondrial-fission-regulating GTPase Dnm1 to mitochondrial fission sites. However, the function of its mammalian homologue remains enigmatic because it has been reported to be dispensable for the mitochondrial recruitment of Drp1, a mammalian homologue of Dnm1. We identified(More)
BACKGROUND All previously reported eukaryotic nuclear genome sequences have been incomplete, especially in highly repeated units and chromosomal ends. Because repetitive DNA is important for many aspects of biology, complete chromosomal structures are fundamental for understanding eukaryotic cells. Our earlier, nearly complete genome sequence of the(More)
A chalcone synthase (CHS)-like gene, MpCHSLK1, was isolated from liverwort, Marchantia paleacea var. diptera. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that MpCHSLK1 is closely related to stilbene synthase of the whisk fern, Psilotum nudum. Southern blot analysis using an MpCHSLK1 probe revealed that the gene belongs to a small gene family. Northern blot analysis(More)
Plant cells have two distinct types of energy-converting organelles: plastids and mitochondria. These organelles have their own DNAs and are regarded as descendants of endosymbiotic prokaryotes. The organelle DNAs associate with various proteins to form compact DNA-protein complexes, which are referred to as organelle nuclei or nucleoids. Various functions(More)
The complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of the true slime mold Physarun polycephalum has been determined. The mtDNA is a circular 62,862-bp molecule with an A+T content of 74.1%. A search with the program BLAST X identified the protein-coding regions. The mitochondrial genome of P. polycephalum was predicted to contain genes coding for 12(More)
The general consensus is that a cyanobacterium phagocytosed by a host cell evolved into the plastids of red and green algae, land plants, and glaucophytes. In contrast to the plastids of glaucophytes, which retain a cyanobacterial-type peptidoglycan layer, no wall-like structures have been detected in plastids from other sources. Although the genome of(More)
Mobile group I introns sometimes contain an open reading frame (ORF) possibly encoding a site-specific DNA endonuclease. However, previous phylogenetic studies have not clearly deduced the evolutionary roles of the group I intron ORFs. In this paper, we examined the phylogeny of group IA2 introns inserted in the position identical to that of the(More)
It is now widely accepted that an endosymbiotic cyanobacterium evolved into the plastid of the primary photosynthetic eukaryotes: glaucocystophytes, red algae, and green plants. It has been thought that during the evolution of plants, the peptidoglycan wall (or murein) was lost from the endosymbiont immediately after the branching off of the(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is packed into highly organized structures called mitochondrial nucleoids (mt-nucleoids). To understand the organization of mtDNA and the overall regulation of its genetic activity within the mt-nucleoids, we identified and characterized a novel mtDNA packaging protein, termed Glom (a protein inducing agglomeration of mitochondrial(More)