Hiroyoshi Takano

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Small, compact genomes of ultrasmall unicellular algae provide information on the basic and essential genes that support the lives of photosynthetic eukaryotes, including higher plants. Here we report the 16,520,305-base-pair sequence of the 20 chromosomes of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D as the first complete algal genome. We(More)
CtBP/BARS is a unique protein family in having quite diversified cellular functions, intercellular localizations, and developmental roles. ANGUSTIFOLIA (AN) is the sole homolog of CtBP/BARS from Arabidopsis thaliana, although it has plant AN-specific motifs and a long C-terminus. Previous studies suggested that AN would function in the nucleus as a(More)
The general consensus is that a cyanobacterium phagocytosed by a host cell evolved into the plastids of red and green algae, land plants, and glaucophytes. In contrast to the plastids of glaucophytes, which retain a cyanobacterial-type peptidoglycan layer, no wall-like structures have been detected in plastids from other sources. Although the genome of(More)
A chalcone synthase (CHS)-like gene, MpCHSLK1, was isolated from liverwort, Marchantia paleacea var. diptera. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that MpCHSLK1 is closely related to stilbene synthase of the whisk fern, Psilotum nudum. Southern blot analysis using an MpCHSLK1 probe revealed that the gene belongs to a small gene family. Northern blot analysis(More)
It is now widely accepted that an endosymbiotic cyanobacterium evolved into the plastid of the primary photosynthetic eukaryotes: glaucocystophytes, red algae, and green plants. It has been thought that during the evolution of plants, the peptidoglycan wall (or murein) was lost from the endosymbiont immediately after the branching off of the(More)
Plant cells have two distinct types of energy-converting organelles: plastids and mitochondria. These organelles have their own DNAs and are regarded as descendants of endosymbiotic prokaryotes. The organelle DNAs associate with various proteins to form compact DNA-protein complexes, which are referred to as organelle nuclei or nucleoids. Various functions(More)
In yeast, C-tail-anchored mitochondrial outer membrane protein Fis1 recruits the mitochondrial-fission-regulating GTPase Dnm1 to mitochondrial fission sites. However, the function of its mammalian homologue remains enigmatic because it has been reported to be dispensable for the mitochondrial recruitment of Drp1, a mammalian homologue of Dnm1. We identified(More)
Based on the results of cytological studies, it has been assumed that Cyanidioschyzon merolae does not contain actin genes. However, Southern hybridization of C. merolae cell-nuclear DNA with a yeast actin-gene probe has suggested the presence of an actin gene in the C. merolae genome. In the present study, an actin gene was isolated from a C. merolae(More)
The mF plasmid which promotes mitochondrial fusion in Physarum polycephalum is a linear molecule with complex terminal inverted repeats (TIRs). Its nucleotide sequence was determined. The mF plasmid is 14 503 bp in size, and contains ten open reading frames (ORFs). All of the ORFs except one are encoded on the same DNA strand (coding strand). The number of(More)
The nuclear transcription factor E-26-like protein 1 (Elk-1) is thought to impact neuronal differentiation [Sharrocks, A. D. (2001) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2, 827-837], cell proliferation [Sharrocks, A. D. (2002) Biochem. Soc. Trans. 30, 1-9], tumorigenesis [Chai, Y. L., Chipitsyna, G., Cui, J., Liao, B., Liu, S., Aysola, K., Yezdani, M., Reddy, E. S. P.(More)