Hiroyoshi Nakamura

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In the present study, we investigated the effects of 14 endogenous steroids on the CYP3A4-mediated drug metabolism by human liver microsomes in vitro. Nevirapine (NVP) 2-, 12-hydroxylations, carbamazepine (CBZ) 10,11-epoxidation, triazolam (TZM) 1'-, 4-hydroxylations, erythromycin (EM) N-demethylation, and 2-sulphamoylacetylphenol (SMAP) formation from(More)
There are a number of reports indicating that CYP2B6*6 (c.516G>T and c.785A>G) is responsible for decreased clearance of efavirenz (EFV), although increased disposition of cyclophosphamide (CPA) in individuals with this polymorphism was observed. Thus, we hypothesized that the effects of the two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP2B6*6 on the(More)
Recently, we reported that several endogenous steroids affect CYP3A4-mediated drug metabolism, using human adult liver microsomes as an enzyme source. Especially, carbamazepine (CBZ) 10,11-epoxidation is activated by androstenedione (AND). In the present studies, we investigated the effects of endogenous steroids on the activity of CBZ 10,11-epoxidation by(More)
CYP3A4 exhibits unusual kinetic characteristics that result from the metabolism of multiple substrate including endogenous steroids and some drugs that coexist at the active site. To clarify the mechanism of the effect of endogenous steroids on the drug metabolism, the interaction between substrates, nevirapine (NVP) and carbamazepine (CBZ), and endogenous(More)
The Cinnamomi Cortex and Ephedra Herba were found to more strongly inhibit aminopyrine N-demethylation in rat liver microsomes compared to other constituents included in Sho-seiryu-to. The component inhibiting drug oxidations catalyzed by CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 was isolated from Cinnamomi Cortex, and was identified as o-methoxycinnamaldehyde (OMCA). When(More)
Limited systematic data on herb-drug interaction are available, despite many opportunities to concomitant use of herb with prescribed drugs. We investigated the effects of 15 herbal extracts in dietary supplements on CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 activities in human liver microsomes. Strong inhibition of these CYP activities was found by the addition of green(More)
We compared the mechanisms of apolipoprotein E- (apoE-) and antioxidant- (AO-) mediated inhibition of beta-amyloid fibril (fA beta) formation in vitro, based on a nucleation-dependent polymerization model using fluorescence spectroscopy with thioflavin T. We first applied a kinetic plot to transform a sigmoidal time-course curve of fA beta formation from(More)
Granisetron, a potent 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, has been reported to be mainly metabolized to 7-hydroxygranisetron and a lesser extent to 9'-desmethylgranisetron in humans. A previous study indicated that cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 is a major catalyst of 9'-demethylation, although the major CYP isoform(s) responsible for 7-hydroxylation are unknown. To(More)
CYP3A7 is a member of the human CYP3A family and a major form of P450 expressed in human fetal livers. Although CYP3A7 shares nearly 90% base sequence with CYP3A4, CYP3A7 shows striking functional differences in the catalytic preference for several substrates, such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) or dehydroepiandrosterone 3-sulfate (DHEA-3S). First, to(More)