Hiroyo Yoshino

Learn More
Common fragile sites (CFSs) are specific chromosome regions that exhibit an increased frequency of breaks when cells are exposed to a DNA-replication inhibitor such as aphidicolin. PARK2 and DMD, the causative genes for autosomal-recessive juvenile Parkinsonism and Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy, respectively, are two very large genes that are(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, genomic multiplications of alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) have been reported to cause hereditary early-onset parkinsonism. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of SNCA multiplications among autosomal dominant hereditary Parkinson's disease (ADPD). METHODS We screened 113 ADPD probands and 200 sporadic PD cases by(More)
PINK1 was recently found to be associated with PARK6 as the causative gene. We performed mutation analysis in eight inbred families whose haplotypes link to the PARK6 region. We identified six pathogenic mutations (R246X, H271Q, E417G, L347P, and Q239X/R492X) in six unrelated families. All sites of mutations were novel, suggesting that PINK1 may be the(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the microtubule associated protein tau (MAPT) and progranulin (PGRN) have been identified in several neurodegenerative disorders, such as frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal syndrome (CBS). Recently, C9orf72 repeat expansion was reported to cause FTLD and amyotrophic(More)
A family history of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most commonly reported risk factor after age, suggesting a genetic component to the disease in a sub-group of patients. Mutations in at least six genes have been identified that can lead to monogenic forms of PD. We screened a sample of 74 early-onset PD cases out of a cohort of 950 patients (onset <50(More)
We screened LRRK2 mutations in exon 41 in 904 parkin-negative Parkinson's disease (PD) patients (868 probands) from 18 countries across 5 continents. We found three heterozygous missense (novel I2012T, G2019S, and I2020T) mutations in LRRK2 exon 41. We identified 11 (1.3%) among 868 PD probands, including 2 sporadic cases and 8 (6.2%) of 130 autosomal(More)
Vacuolar protein sorting 35 (VPS35) was recently reported to be a pathogenic gene for late-onset autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD), using exome sequencing. To date, VPS35 mutations have been detected only in whites with PD. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence and clinical features of Asian PD patients with VPS35 mutations.(More)
To assess the effect of genetic factors on sporadic Parkinson disease, we performed a case-control study of a variant (G2385R) in Leucine-Rich Repeat kinase 2 among the Japanese population. The G2385R (c.7153G>A) variant was reported as a risk factor for sporadic Parkinson disease in the Chinese population from Taiwan and Singapore. Genotyping was conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of causative genes in mendelian forms of Parkinson's disease is valuable for understanding the cause of the disease. We did genetic studies in a Japanese family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease to identify novel causative genes. METHODS We did a genome-wide linkage analysis on eight affected and five unaffected(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is an autosomal-dominant cerebellar ataxia that is variably accompanied by epilepsy and other neurological disorders. It is caused by an expansion of the ATTCT pentanucleotide repeat in intron 9 of the ATXN10 gene. Until now, SCA10 was almost exclusively found in the American continents, while no cases had been(More)