Hiroyasu Yamamoto

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During the formation of intimal thickening in normocholesterolemic rabbits, von Willebrand factor (vWF) is increased in the endothelial cells (ECs) and deposited in the intima. We investigated whether this also occurs during cholesterol-induced plaque formation, whether the synthesis of vWF increases, and whether this influences platelet adhesion. Rabbits(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been accumulating evidence demonstrating that activators for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) have antiinflammatory, antiatherogenic, and vasodilatory effects. We hypothesized that PPARalpha activators can modulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and its activity in cultured vascular(More)
The antiinflammatory action of glucocorticoids is mediated partly by the inhibition of the expression of several cytokines and adhesion molecules. Some activators for nuclear receptors other than the GR have also been shown to inhibit the expression of these inflammatory molecules, although their molecular mechanisms remain unidentified. We therefore(More)
A method for saponin skinning of primary cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells was established. The saponin-treated cells could be stained with trypan blue and incorporated more 45Ca2+ than the nontreated cells under the same conditions. At low free Ca2+ concentration, greater than 85% of 45Ca2+ uptake into the skinned cells was dependent on the(More)
Evidence is presented for the hypothesis that the superficial sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of arterial smooth muscle functions as a "regulated buffer barrier" to Ca entry into the bulk of the myoplasm. Depletion of the intracellular Ca pool, which is sensitive to both norepinephrine (NE) and caffeine, decreases subsequent contraction due to high K+(More)
Tension development in arterial smooth muscle is regulated by variations of calcium concentration in the submicromolar range. The receptor for Ca2+ is calmodulin, which through stimulation of myosin light chain kinase can activate sequentially two apparently different contractile states. A third possible contractile state may be related to C-kinase(More)
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