Hiroyasu Shigemori

Learn More
Although congestive gastric mucosal circulation has been suggested in patients with portal-hypertensive gastropathy, whether it is due to "active" (overflow) or "passive" (stasis) congestion is not known. To answer this question, we assessed regional gastric mucosal blood flow with laser Doppler flowmetry in 57 patients with portal hypertension and 30(More)
We studied portosystemic hemodynamic responsiveness after 1 min orthostasis in nine patients with cirrhosis and nine age-matched normal subjects. Orthostasis increased diastolic arterial pressure, which is a close indicator of arterial tone, in normal subjects (+17%, P < 0.01). In contrast, no significant change in diastolic arterial pressure was observed(More)
We examined the relationship between portal venous blood flow and sympathoadrenergic activation after muscle exercise. For this purpose, we used echo Doppler and measured plasma noradrenaline concentration before and after mild (7 metabolic units, N = 8) and maximal exercise (14 metabolic units, N = 8) in 16 patients without significant disease. Portal(More)
Portal hemodynamics and transhepatic portal venographic findings were studied before and after prophylactic sclerotherapy (mean duration = 40 +/- 14 days) in 16 patients with high-risk esophageal varices. Portal pressure, evaluated by the portal venous pressure gradient, increased by a mean of 21% in eight patients (50%) and decreased by a mean of 20% in(More)
The reproducibility of echo-Doppler measurements of portal vein and superior mesenteric artery blood flow has not been extensively studied. In the present study, two groups of subjects were examined to test inter- and intra-observer reproducibility. Each study population consisted of 15 nonportal hypertensive and 15 portal hypertensive subjects. With a(More)
PURPOSE To compare hepatic artery hemodynamic response to altered portal blood flow in normal and cirrhotic livers. MATERIALS AND METHODS The portal blood flow and hepatic artery pulsatility index were measured by means of duplex ultrasound before and after subjects (eight control subjects and 10 cirrhotic patients) ingested a 500-kcal mixed-liquid meal(More)
We measured regional gastric mucosal blood flow by laser Doppler flowmetry before and after control (n = 8) or cigarette smoking (n = 8) in healthy human beings. The control group showed no change in both antrum (from 1.15 +/- 0.32 to 1.20 +/- 0.39 V, NS) and corpus gastric mucosal blood flow (from 1.15 +/- 0.32 to 1.12 +/- 0.28 V, NS). In contrast,(More)
We have evaluated gastric mucus generation (study 1) and the effects of tetraprenylacetone on gastric mucus generation (study 2) in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. Study 1: Included were 50 noncirrhotics (group A), 25 cirrhotics without portal hypertension (group B), and 25 cirrhotics with portal hypertension (group C). The antrum, corpus, and(More)
The effects of a combination of vasopressin and a calcium channel blocker (nicardipine) on portohepatic hemodynamics and liver function were compared with the effects of vasopressin alone in 18 patients with portal hypertension. Nine patients received 0.4 units/min of vasopressin and 9 patients received the same dose of vasopressin plus 0.3 mg/min of(More)