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The influence of 21 kinds of components of plant essence on sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) induced by mitomycin C was investigated in cultured Chinese hamster CHO K-1 cells. Posttreatment with scopoletin, jasmone, caffeic acid and ferulic acid significantly increased the frequency of SCEs. Further investigation of the SCE-enhancing effect of analogues of(More)
The antimutagenic effects of vanillin, anisaldehyde, cinnamaldehyde and coumarin were investigated in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells in vitro. The frequencies of 6-TG-resistant mutations induced by UV or X-rays were decreased by treatment with each compound during the expression time. These decreases were not due to cytotoxic effects on cellular growth(More)
BACKGROUND During hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) it is not uncommon that intraoperative ultrasonography detects "new nodules" that were not found by preoperative examinations. Because the operative procedure may have to be changed if the new nodule is another HCC lesion, differential diagnosis of such nodule is critical. This study(More)
Lesion biopsies of 60 fingers from 30 patients with vibration-induced white finger (VWF) and control observations from seven fingers of five referents demonstrated three main characteristic pathological changes. First, in each case, the muscular layers of the arteries revealed intense thickening with strong hypertrophy of individual muscle cells without(More)
The modifying effects of tannin components extracted from green tea and black tea on mutagen-induced SCEs and chromosome aberrations were studied. These tannin components did not affect spontaneous SCEs and chromosome aberrations in cultured Chinese hamster cells. The frequency of SCEs and chromosome aberrations induced by mitomycin C (MMC) or UV was(More)
AIMS To evaluate the dynamics of Kupffer cell (KC) phagocytosis by performing both in vivo and in vitro studies using Sonazoid (GE Healthcare, Oslo) in a rat nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. METHODS Contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) was performed on a rat NASH model induced by a methionine choline deficient diet (MCDD) and control rats,(More)
Previous experiments have shown that emodin is highly active in suppressing the proliferation of several tumor cell lines. However, it is not clear that emodin can induce growth inhibition of hepatoma cells. We have found that emodin induces apoptotic responses in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines (HCC) Mahlavu, PLC/PRF/5 and HepG2. The addition(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Despite the importance of identifying the causative pathogen(s), ascitic fluid cultures are occasionally negative in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). A novel strategy using the in situ hybridization (ISH) method was introduced to detect the bacterial genomic DNA phagocytized in the blood of patients with sepsis. In(More)
The relationships between the serum mineral concentrations and the endoscopic findings of esophageal varices have been poorly investigated. In this study, we investigated hepatitis virus-positive patients who had undergone a liver biopsy (n = 576) and 75 patients with compensated cirrhosis in order to evaluate the association of the zinc value with the(More)
BACKGROUND The ultrasonography contrast agent Sonazoid provides parenchyma-specific contrast imaging (Kupffer imaging) based on its accumulation in Kupffer cells. This agent also facilitates imaging of the fine vascular architecture in tumors through maximum intensity projection (MIP). We examined the clinical utility of the malignancy grading system for(More)