Learn More
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to assess the impact of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) on the long-term success and complications in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred fifteen patients underwent PVI for treatment of AF. Each patient underwent(More)
Left ventricular (LV) untwisting starts early during the isovolumic relaxation phase and proceeds throughout the early filling phase, releasing elastic energy stored by the preceding systolic deformation. Data relating untwisting, relaxation, and intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPG), which represent another manifestation of elastic recoil, are sparse.(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that selective atrioventricular nodal (AVN) vagal stimulation (AVN-VS) can be used to control ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) in acute experiments. However, it is not known whether this approach could provide a long-term treatment in conscious animals. Thus, this study reports the first(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) torsional deformation is a sensitive index for LV performance but difficult to measure. The present study tested the accuracy of a novel method that uses Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) for quantifying LV torsion in humans with tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a reference. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty patients(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the usefulness of the ratio of the early diastolic transmitral flow velocity (E) to the mitral annular velocity (e') calculated from simultaneously recorded E and e' in atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND The ratio of the E to the e' (E/e') has been reported as a useful index even in AF patients. However, E and e' were measured(More)
The increasing prevalence of stroke and atrial fibrillation is a stimulus for new therapeutic strategies and also warrants a review of imaging modalities of the most important source of cardiac systemic embolic events: the left atrial appendage (LAA). This blind-ended, complex structure is embryologically distinct from the body of the left atrium and is(More)
An 80-year-old man noticed a swollen eyelid on his left side and was admitted to our hospital. A chest x-ray showed eccentric cardiomegaly (Figure 1A), and transthoracic echocardiography revealed mild pericardial effusion and a large, low-echoic mass near the inferolateral left ventricular wall (Figure 1B). Other ultrasonic examinations showed thickened(More)
BACKGROUND Automated function imaging (AFI) is a recently developed method of calculating the longitudinal peak systolic strains (LS) of the regional left ventricular (LV) wall using speckle tracking echocardiography and displaying them on a single bull's-eye map. The feasibility of AFI in patients with regional LV wall motion abnormalities caused by(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a critical contributing factor to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is produced abundantly in atherosclerotic lesions while C-reactive protein (CRP) is mainly produced in the liver. In this study, we investigated whether plasma levels of PTX3 might be a sensitive marker both for the severity of(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) systolic function in the hypertensive heart has been evaluated considering geometric differences. The maximal systolic myocardial velocity gradient (Gmax) obtained from myocardial velocity profile can evaluate regional myocardial contractility. The purpose of this study was to assess LV myocardial contractility in the(More)