Hirotsugu Yamada

Learn More
Left ventricular (LV) untwisting starts early during the isovolumic relaxation phase and proceeds throughout the early filling phase, releasing elastic energy stored by the preceding systolic deformation. Data relating untwisting, relaxation, and intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPG), which represent another manifestation of elastic recoil, are sparse.(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to assess the impact of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) on the long-term success and complications in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred fifteen patients underwent PVI for treatment of AF. Each patient underwent(More)
There is increasing evidence that inhibition of tissue angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is important for the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic effects of ACE inhibitors. Radioligand inhibitor binding methods using 125I-351A and either tissue homogenates or in vitro autoradiography have allowed in vitro and ex vivo quantitation of tissue ACE inhibition(More)
The increasing prevalence of stroke and atrial fibrillation is a stimulus for new therapeutic strategies and also warrants a review of imaging modalities of the most important source of cardiac systemic embolic events: the left atrial appendage (LAA). This blind-ended, complex structure is embryologically distinct from the body of the left atrium and is(More)
BACKGROUND Automated function imaging (AFI) is a recently developed method of calculating the longitudinal peak systolic strains (LS) of the regional left ventricular (LV) wall using speckle tracking echocardiography and displaying them on a single bull's-eye map. The feasibility of AFI in patients with regional LV wall motion abnormalities caused by(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that selective atrioventricular nodal (AVN) vagal stimulation (AVN-VS) can be used to control ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) in acute experiments. However, it is not known whether this approach could provide a long-term treatment in conscious animals. Thus, this study reports the first(More)
Regular meiotic chromosome segregation requires sister centromeres to mono-orient (orient to the same pole) during the first meiotic division (meiosis I) when homologous chromosomes segregate, and to bi-orient (orient to opposite poles) during the second meiotic division (meiosis II) when sister chromatids segregate. Both orientation patterns require(More)
The myocardial velocity profile (MVP), derived from color-coded tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), can identify transmural heterogeneity based on the physiology and pathology of the myocardium. This study sought to clarify whether the MVP can differentiate cardiac amyloidosis from other causes of left ventricular hypertrophy. We recorded the MVP and determined(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) torsional deformation is a sensitive index for LV performance but difficult to measure. The present study tested the accuracy of a novel method that uses Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) for quantifying LV torsion in humans with tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a reference. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty patients(More)
AIMS Influenza A virus (IAV) infection markedly up-regulates ectopic trypsins in various organs, viral envelope glycoprotein processing proteases, which are pre-requisites for virus entry and multiplication. We investigated the pathological roles of trypsin up-regulation in the progression of IAV-induced myocarditis, cytokine induction, and viral(More)