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Hippocalcin is a member of the neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) protein family that is highly expressed in hippocampal pyramidal cells and moderately expressed in the neurons of cerebral cortex, cerebellum and striatum. Here we examined the physiological roles of hippocalcin using targeted gene disruption. Hippocalcin-deficient (-/-) mice displayed no obvious(More)
To assess the therapeutic potential of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in clinics, we extensively investigated the effects of BDNF on adult motor neurons in a rat spinal root avulsion model. Intrathecal administration of BDNF immediately after the spinal root avulsion greatly protected against the motor neuron cell death. BDNF also showed a(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the neuroprotective effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) against potassium cyanide (KCN)-induced retinal damage. METHODS Rats were injected intravitreally with iodinated BDNF. Two days later, eyeballs were dissected into various parts, and the level of radioactivity in each part was measured. Retinal damage was(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the relations among the arterial carbon monoxide (CO) concentration, heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression by monocytes, oxidative stress, plasma levels of cytokines and bilirubin, and the outcome of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. METHODS Thirty-six patients who fulfilled the criteria for severe sepsis or septic shock and 21(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to the neurotrophin family and has been shown to be a potent and effective trophic factor for motor neurons and other neurons of the peripheral and central nervous. Little is known, however, about the relationship between the efficacy and pharmacokinetics of s.c. administered BDNF. In this study, the efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND The polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (GalNAc-Ts) family of enzymes regulates the initial steps of mucin-type O-glycosylation. N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases might show novel patterns of GalNAc-T glycosylation on tumour-derived proteins, which could influence cancer biology, but its mechanisms are unclear. We investigated the(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of direct hemoperfusion through filters with immobilized polymyxin B (PMX-DHP) on leukocyte function and plasma levels of cytokines in patients with septic shock. We found that PMX-DHP caused increased expression of C-X-C chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) and CXCR2, along with decreased expression of CD64 and CD11b, by(More)
UNLABELLED A mammary nodular lesion was recognized one month before the surgery in the right upper breast of a 55-year-old female. The fine needle aspiration cytology specimens contained many individual bizarre, multi-nucleated, and/or giant cells having hyperchromatic pleomorphic nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and relatively abundant cytoplasm, admixed with(More)
Very recently, Requena et al. have demonstrated the detailed clinicopathological features of 9 cases of a benign cutaneous plexiform nerve sheath tumor with hybrid characteristics of perineurioma and cellular neurothekeoma, given the name as a benign cutaneous plexiform hybrid tumor of perineurioma and cellular neurothekeoma, all of which were peculiarly(More)