Hirotoshi Nakamura

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1. Changes in excitability of the motor cortex induced by a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were examined by simultaneous recording of the evoked corticospinal volley and the compound surface electromyographic (EMG) response in the biceps brachii following paired-pulse TMS in five conscious subjects. The effects of a varying interstimulus interval(More)
Synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2], a signaling phospholipid, is primarily carried out by phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase [PI(4)P5K], which has been reported to be regulated by RhoA and Rac1. Unexpectedly, we find that the GTPgammaS-dependent activator of PI(4)P5Kalpha is the small G protein ADP-ribosylation factor(More)
In mammalian cells, it has been shown that adjacent multiple DNA replicons, termed a replicon cluster or a replicon domain, are replicated coordinately in a defined temporal order during the DNA synthetic (S) phase. However, no intranuclear structure of this replicon domain has been revealed in the nucleus labelled with [3H]thymidine at the limited(More)
The DNA-binding region of Myb consists of three imperfect tandem repeats (R1, R2, and R3). We have determined the solution structure of a specific DNA complex of the minimum DNA-binding domain (R2R3) by heteronuclear multidimensional NMR. Both R2 and R3 contain three helices, and the third helix in each is found to be a recognition helix. R2 and R3 are(More)
In addition to the major anatomical pathways from V1 into the temporal lobe, there are other smaller, "bypass" routes that are poorly understood. To investigate the direct projection from V1 to V4 (bypassing V2) and from V2 to TEO (bypassing V4), we injected the foveal and parafoveal representations of V4 and TEO with different retrograde tracers in five(More)
Recent works have shown the importance of reduction/oxidation (redox) regulation in various biological phenomena. Thioredoxin (TRX) is one of the major components of the thiol reducing system and plays multiple roles in cellular processes such as proliferation, apoptosis, and gene expression. To investigate the molecular mechanism of TRX action, we used a(More)
The mes/metencephalic boundary (isthmus) has an organizing activity for mesencephalon and metencephalon. The candidate signaling molecule is Fgf8 whose mRNA is localized in the region where the cerebellum differentiates. Responding to this signal, the cerebellum differentiates in the metencephalon and the tectum differentiates in the mesencephalon. Based on(More)
Since 1983, transcatheter oily chemoembolization (TOCE) with doxorubicin hydrochloride, iodized oil, and gelatin sponge was used in 100 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Doxorubicin, 40-100 mg (mean, 61.3 mg), was mixed with 5-20 mL (mean, 9.6 mL) of an iodized oil to prepare a water-in-oil emulsion that was then infused into the hepatic artery. Both(More)
OBJECTIVE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed in joint tissues of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of this study was to define the steady state levels of seven different MMPs and two tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) as well as the potential metalloproteinase activity in the synovial(More)
Dorsal and ventral aspects of the eye are distinct from the early stages of development. The developing eye cup grows dorsally, and the choroidal fissure is formed on its ventral side. Retinal axons from the dorsal and ventral retina project to the ventral and dorsal tectum, respectively. Misexpression of the Tbx5 gene induced dorsalization of the ventral(More)