Hirotoshi Kobayashi

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BACKGROUND COX-2 is involved in tumor angiogenesis and modulation of the production of angiogenetic factors by colorectal carcinoma cells. It has been shown that COX-2 inhibitors have inhibitory activities against various types of tumor, including colorectal carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the tumor vessels of small metastatic liver tumors in rats(More)
We investigated the effects of nilvadipine and amlodipine on the cerebral ischemia-induced impairment of spatial memory in 8-arm radial maze performance and hippocampal CA1 apoptosis in rats. Single cerebral ischemia impaired memory without inducing apoptosis. In these rats, neither nilvadipine nor amlodipine at 3.2 mg/kg, i.p. improved the impaired memory.(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have shown that individuals who regularly consume NSAIDs have lower rates of mortality associated with colorectal cancer. Because COX-2 inhibitors prevent tumor growth through some mechanisms, we assessed the effect of JTE-522, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, on pulmonary metastases of colon cancer in a rat model. METHODS A(More)
The potential of expression profiling using microarray analysis as a tool to predict the prognosis for different types of cancer has been realized. This study aimed to identify a novel biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC). The expression profiles of cancer cells in 152 patients with stage I-III CRC were examined using microarray analysis. High expression(More)
Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the anal canal are rare, representing 1% of malignant tumors of the anal canal. This tumor behaves aggressively and leads to poor outcomes. The majority of tumors are found with distant metastases. We describe the case of a 63-year-old female with T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of the anal canal arising from the site of a previous(More)
INTRODUCTION Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) sometimes has a difficulty in treatment. This report describes two patients who suffered from RVF. CASE DESCRIPTIONS One patient was a 76-year-old woman who had a RVF over 30 years after the 3rd childbirth. She underwent endorectal advancement flap (ERAF). She had a nighttime soiling after ERAF once a month, which(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of adjuvant chemotherapy on survival of patients who had curative resection for stage IV colorectal cancer.The efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection for stage IV colorectal cancer remains unclear.The database of 3695 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer between 1991 and 2007(More)
BACKGROUND A number of patients undergo percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) under various conditions. Open colectomy is usually performed for colon cancer in patients with PEG because the safety of the laparoscopic approach for such patients has not been established. However, if the laparoscopic approach is possible in patients with PEG, it will be(More)
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