Hirotoshi Endo

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The study of the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata is key to increasing our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in pearl biosynthesis and biology of bivalve molluscs. We sequenced ~1150-Mb genome at ~40-fold coverage using the Roche 454 GS-FLX and Illumina GAIIx sequencers. The sequences were assembled into contigs with N50 = 1.6 kb (total contig(More)
Hermatypic (or reef-building) corals live in obligatory mutualistic symbiosis with the symbiotic dinoflagellates Symbiodinium spp. (generally known as zooxanthellae). In an attempt to establish a model symbiosis system consisting of a coral host and a monoclonal population of zooxanthellae, infectivity of five cultured Symbiodinium cell lines was tested on(More)
We investigated the enzymatic properties and immunohistochemical localization of cuticular hemocyanin, a known oxygen transporter in the prawn Penaeus japonicus. The molecular weight of hemocyanin purified from the cuticle was estimated to be 67-77 k using SDS-PAGE, and the purified protein was effectively converted into a phenoloxidase-like enzyme by an(More)
The marine red alga Porphyra yezoensis contains an actin gene family consisting of at least four isoforms (PyACT1, 2, 3 and 4). The amino acid identity between isoforms exceeds 83%, and each contains a putative nuclear export signal (NES). We scanned the sequences for amino acids in regions homologous to the intermonomeric interface of actin filaments. Few(More)
The DD4 mRNA of the penaeid prawn Penaeus japonicus was shown previously to be expressed in the epidermis adjacent to the exoskeleton specifically during the post-moult period, when calcification of the exoskeleton took place. The encoded protein possessed a Ca2+-binding site, suggesting its involvement in the calcification of the exoskeleton. In the(More)
In molluscs, shell matrix proteins are associated with biomineralization, a biologically controlled process that involves nucleation and growth of calcium carbonate crystals. Identification and characterization of shell matrix proteins are important for better understanding of the adaptive radiation of a large variety of molluscs. We searched the draft(More)
Bivalve molluscs have flourished in marine environments, and many species constitute important aquatic resources. Recently, whole genome sequences from two bivalves, the pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, and the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, have been decoded, making it possible to compare genomic sequences among molluscs, and to explore general and(More)
As a part of the construction of a Porphyra yezoensis Ueda genetic linkage map, we conducted intraspecific cross-experiments and subsequent screening of cross-fertilized conchocelis by cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) analysis. The cross-experiments were carried out between males of the wildtype (KGJ) and females of the recessive green mutant(More)
A cDNA (PyARP4) containing an open reading frame for a protein of 573 amino acids was identified in the marine red alga Porphyra yezoensis. The conceptual PyARP4 protein exhibits significant similarity to actin-related protein (ARP) 4 in the terrestrial plant Arabidopsis. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence showed moderate sequence identity (30%)(More)
Genetic polymorphisms were investigated to develop a simple and rapid method to differentiate between the two closely related species, Porphyra tenera and Porphyra yezoensis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using the specific primer pair of the ARP4 gene gave length polymorphic single fragments of genomic DNAs from five strains of P. tenera (Japan T-8, JTW;(More)