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BACKGROUND Papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) is increasing in incidence because of diagnosis by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology. METHODS Between January 1966 and December 1995, we treated 6019 patients with papillary cancer; among them, 2070 patients with PMC were studied. RESULTS PMC is essentially very similar to papillary cancer that(More)
First-degree relatives of persons with thyroid cancer are known to be at relatively high risk for the disease. To better understand the clinicopathologic characteristics of familial nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma (FNMTC), we carried out a retrospective study in which we identified individuals treated at our institution who had at least one first-degree(More)
To evaluate the clinical applicability of galectin-3 and CD44 variant 6 (CD44v6) immunostaining in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of thyroid follicular tumors, 79 cytological specimens (35 follicular carcinomas and 44 follicular adenomas) were studied. The positive rates of galectin-3 and CD44v6 were 89 and 74% in follicular carcinoma, respectively,(More)
INTRODUCTION Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an inherited autosomal dominant syndrome caused by germline mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Papillary thyroid cancer is one of the extracolonic manifestations of FAP. A characteristic histologic feature of this type of thyroid tumor is the cribriform-morula variant of papillary(More)
Various morphonuclear studies by digital image analysis have successfully been applied to quantify the nuclear morphology, including chromatin distribution pattern, in cytology of various organs; however, the majority of past reports have not shown correlation between the quantitative data by digital image analysis and cytological findings in practical(More)
BACKGROUND Aspiration biopsy cytology of thyroid tumors has been used more frequently in recent times to differentiate between malignant and benign lesions. Chromatin patterns of the tumor cell nuclei are one of most important factors for cytologic diagnosis. The interpretation of nuclear chromatin patterns is subjective and more difficult than that of(More)
Children and adolescents represent 1-1.5% of all patients with thyroid cancer (TC). The vast majority of TC in children and adolescents is papillary TC; follicular TC (FTC) is exceedingly rare. In this study, we evaluate the clinical and pathological features of FTC in children and adolescents. We also report the risk factors for post-operative tumor(More)
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive of thyroid cancers whose treatment is not yet established and mortality is extremely high. Recent in vitro studies have shown that valproic acid (VA), a newly identified histone deacetilase (HDAC) inhibitor, induces apoptosis, modulates differentiation gene expression of thyroid tumors and enhances(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Quick intraoperative parathyroid hormone assays are widely used as a guide to the adequacy of resection during parathyroid surgery. However, some authors have reported a 15% error rate of these assays because of the presence of false-positive and false-negative results. Recently the authors have found that most commercial intact PTH(More)
Differentiated thyroid cancer sometimes shows microscopic vascular invasion but rarely causes a tumor thrombus in a great vein. A preoperative diagnosis of the latter condition is difficult if a patient does not have any overt symptoms, but it is important for operative planning. We encountered a 26-year-old woman with papillary thyroid cancer and a tumor(More)