Hiroto Yamashita

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First-degree relatives of persons with thyroid cancer are known to be at relatively high risk for the disease. To better understand the clinicopathologic characteristics of familial nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma (FNMTC), we carried out a retrospective study in which we identified individuals treated at our institution who had at least one first-degree(More)
Papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) is increasing in incidence because of diagnosis by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology. Between January 1966 and December 1995, we treated 6019 patients with papillary cancer; among them, 2070 patients with PMC were studied. PMC is essentially very similar to papillary cancer that is 11 mm or larger and has a(More)
To evaluate the clinical applicability of galectin-3 and CD44 variant 6 (CD44v6) immunostaining in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of thyroid follicular tumors, 79 cytological specimens (35 follicular carcinomas and 44 follicular adenomas) were studied. The positive rates of galectin-3 and CD44v6 were 89 and 74% in follicular carcinoma, respectively,(More)
The disturbance of vitamin D metabolism plays an important role in determining the clinical presentation of hyperthyroidism. We studied 72 patients (65 women, 7 men) with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Clinical presentation, biochemical indices, and bone mineral density (BMD) were compared in three patient groups classified according to their serum(More)
Cytological diagnosis in follicular neoplasms of the thyroid has to surmount some difficulties. Capsular/vascular invasions or metastasis are the histological criteria for follicular carcinoma (FC), and, on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples, marked cytological atypias are only observed in moderately to poorly differentiated FC, while they may be(More)
Differentiated thyroid cancer sometimes shows microscopic vascular invasion but rarely causes a tumor thrombus in a great vein. A preoperative diagnosis of the latter condition is difficult if a patient does not have any overt symptoms, but it is important for operative planning. We encountered a 26-year-old woman with papillary thyroid cancer and a tumor(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Quick intraoperative parathyroid hormone assays are widely used as a guide to the adequacy of resection during parathyroid surgery. However, some authors have reported a 15% error rate of these assays because of the presence of false-positive and false-negative results. Recently the authors have found that most commercial intact PTH(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and role of technetium-99m tetrofosmin for the detection of abnormal parathyroid glands to be referred for surgical treatment. Twenty-eight consecutive patients, including 25 primary and 3 secondary cases of hyperparathyroidism, were evaluated. 99mTc-tetrofosmin/99mTc-pertechnetate subtraction scintigraphy(More)
Risk factors for distant metastasis were studied in 82 patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). Metastases to either the lung or bone existing at the time of presentation were confirmed by I-131 radio-iodine uptake in 10 patients. FTC with an insular component was found in eight patients. Univariate analysis of 14 possible risk factors showed 7 to(More)
We evaluated the incidence of thyroid cancer in patients with adenomatous goiter and investigated the clinical factors distinguishing patients with occult thyroid cancer, defined as a tumor size smaller than or equal to 10 mm, from those with clinical thyroid cancer, defined as a tumor size larger than 10 mm. Of 835 patients with histologically confirmed(More)