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Vascular endothelial cells (EC) exhibit organ-to-organ heterogeneity in their functions and morphologies. In particular, brain capillary EC have unique characteristics exemplified by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The formation and the maintenance of BBB have been ascribed to EC responses to inductive signal(s) or factor(s) from astrocytes that encircle(More)
Phenotypes of Caenorhabditis elegans unc-18 and unc-64 gene mutations are similar. While unc-18 is known to be essential for normal synaptic transmission (Hosono, R., Hekimi, S., Kamiya, Y., Sassa, T., Murakami, S., Nishiwaki, S., Miwa, J., Taketo, A., and Kodaira, K.-I. (1992) J. Neurochem. 58, 1517-1525), the function of unc-64 remains unclear. Here we(More)
Distribution of serotonin transporter (SET) was examined immunohistochemically in the rat brain using two specific polyclonal antibodies raised against oligopeptides corresponding with 15 amino acids of carboxyl terminus and 14 amino acids of amino terminus of rat SET. The distribution and density of SET immunoreactive varicose fibers were quite similar to(More)
Neurons showing intense urocortin-like immunoreactivity (Ucn-IR) were found immunohistochemically in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), as well as in Edinger-Westphal nucleus (E-W), in the rat brain. Almost all Ucn-immunoreactive neuronal cell bodies in the SNc and VTA showed immunoreactivity for tyrosine hydroxylase.(More)
BACKGROUND Ezrin is a member of the ezrin, radixin, and moesin family that provides a functional link between the plasma membrane and the cortical actin cytoskeleton. A correlation between ezrin overexpression and aggressive cancer behavior has been recently reported in various tumor types. However, its roles in the mechanisms underlying progression of(More)
Recent studies have revealed the evidence for the significance of SV40 genome in human malignancies. In this paper, the presence of SV40-like sequences was investigated in 54 Japanese osteosarcomas in which mutations of the retinoblastoma (Rb), p53, MDM2, and CDK4 genes had been already analysed. Using polymerase chain reaction and Southern hybridization,(More)
The effect of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide-38 (PACAP-38), and PACAP-27 on the release of serotonin (5-HT) into the intestinal lumen and the portal circulation was studied by using in vivo isolated vascularly and luminally perfused rat duodenum. 5-HT levels were determined by HPLC. VIP, PACAP-38, and(More)
BACKGROUND Refluxogenic effects of smoking and alcohol abuse may be related to the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The present study attempts to clarify the effects of continuous taurocholic acid (TCA) exposure, which is neither mutagenic nor genotoxic, on ESCC progression. METHODS A squamous carcinoma cell line (ESCC-DR) was(More)
Mutations in the Caenorhabditis elegans unc-41 gene result in an allele-dependent elevation of acetylcholine content. Eight recessive alleles (cn252, e268, e399, e650, e1175, e1199, e1294, and e870) lead to phenotypes including uncoordinated locomotion, slow growth, a small mature body, and resistance to the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors as well as the(More)
Five cases of supernumerary teeth with eumorphism in the lower incisor region of the permanent dentition are reported. The patients were two males and three females. One (a 31-year-old woman) of them had bilateral supernumerary teeth. The review of the English language literature yielded only one such bilateral supernumerary teeth in the lower incisor(More)