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Linear electron transport in chloroplasts produces a number of reduced components associated with photosystem I (PS I) that may subsequently participate in reactions that reduce O2. The two primary reactions that have been extensively studied are: first, the direct reduction of O2 to superoxide by reduced donors associated with PS I (the Mehler reaction),… (More)
Enantioselective Diels-Alder reactions of 1,2-dihydropyridines with acroleins using a novel chiral oxazolidine organocatalyst afforded chiral isoquinuclidines that is an efficient synthetic intermediate of oseltamivir, with fairly good chemical yield and excellent enantioselectivity (90%, up to >99% ee).
The enantioselective Diels-Alder reaction of 1,2-dihydropyridines with aldehydes using an easily prepared optically active β-amino alcohol catalyst was found to provide optically active isoquinuclidines, an efficient synthetic intermediate of pharmaceutically important compounds such as oseltamivir phosphate, with a satisfactory chemical yield and… (More)
BACKGROUND Only one case of syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone with lateral medullary syndrome has been reported so far. We report a case of lateral medullary syndrome showing syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and analyze the pathomechanism underlying its clinical features. CASE PRESENTATION A 67-year-old… (More)
Chiral cationic palladium-phosphinooxazolidine catalysts in ionic liquid afforded excellent enantioselectivity in Diels-Alder reactions and the catalyst was easily recycled eight times without any significant decrease in chemical yields or enantioselectivity (89-99%, 88-99% ee).
OBJECTIVES It is difficult to make accurate diagnoses of polypoid lesions in the gallbladder. To increase the diagnostic accuracy, we have developed an endoscopic technique to obtain gallbladder bile, termed endoscopic transpapillary catheterization into the gallbladder (ETCG). We evaluated the usefulness of a molecular biological approach to the diagnosis… (More)
This article reviews for our two kinds of projects that lipase-catalyzed asymmetric resolution of bicyclic lactams, 3-oxo-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-enes and 2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-en-3-ones, possessing synthetic versatility and the development of a new type of a bicyclic amine-based chiral ligand for a catalytic asymmetric synthesis. Thus, optically… (More)
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) can occur in patients with many causes of the immunocompromised state other than human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is quite difficult to diagnose PCP without HIV because there is no method for detecting Pneumocystis jirovecii. Thus, non-HIV PCP continues to have high mortality. Recently, loop-mediated isothermal… (More)
the June issue of Arthritis Research & Th erapy . Th e study compared the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints calculated by using C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) versus American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission in terms of residual pain. Th e authors stated that DAS28-CRP remission criteria allowed for… (More)