Hiroto Nakano

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Linear electron transport in chloroplasts produces a number of reduced components associated with photosystem I (PS I) that may subsequently participate in reactions that reduce O2. The two primary reactions that have been extensively studied are: first, the direct reduction of O2 to superoxide by reduced donors associated with PS I (the Mehler reaction),(More)
Enantioselective Diels-Alder reactions of 1,2-dihydropyridines with acroleins using a novel chiral oxazolidine organocatalyst afforded chiral isoquinuclidines that is an efficient synthetic intermediate of oseltamivir, with fairly good chemical yield and excellent enantioselectivity (90%, up to >99% ee).
OBJECTIVES It is difficult to make accurate diagnoses of polypoid lesions in the gallbladder. To increase the diagnostic accuracy, we have developed an endoscopic technique to obtain gallbladder bile, termed endoscopic transpapillary catheterization into the gallbladder (ETCG). We evaluated the usefulness of a molecular biological approach to the diagnosis(More)
The enantioselective Diels-Alder reaction of 1,2-dihydropyridines with aldehydes using an easily prepared optically active β-amino alcohol catalyst was found to provide optically active isoquinuclidines, an efficient synthetic intermediate of pharmaceutically important compounds such as oseltamivir phosphate, with a satisfactory chemical yield and(More)
BACKGROUND Only one case of syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone with lateral medullary syndrome has been reported so far. We report a case of lateral medullary syndrome showing syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and analyze the pathomechanism underlying its clinical features. CASE PRESENTATION A 67-year-old(More)
Chiral cationic palladium-phosphinooxazolidine catalysts in ionic liquid afforded excellent enantioselectivity in Diels-Alder reactions and the catalyst was easily recycled eight times without any significant decrease in chemical yields or enantioselectivity (89-99%, 88-99% ee).
We herein describe a 37-year-old man who developed cervical flexion myelopathy 11 years after suffering a cervical spinal cord injury. Cervical magnetic resonance imaging 11 years after the accident demonstrated atrophy and hyperintense lesions at the C6 and C7 levels in the cervical cord with an abnormal alignment of the vertebrae. In the neck flexion(More)
Cycloadditions of 1,3-butadiene derivatives having an electron-rich group at the 1-position with 4- or 3-substituted 2(1H)-quinolones were carried out to give the richly functionalized phenanthridines under both atmospheric and high pressure conditions. Furthermore, the reactivity of 4- or 3-substituted 2(1H)-quinolones acting as a dienophile with(More)
Amyloid-β aggregation inhibitors are expected to be therapeutic or prophylactic agents for Alzheimer's disease. Rosmarinic acid, which is one of the main aggregation inhibitors derived from Lamiaceae, was employed as a lead compound and its 25 derivatives were synthesized. In this study, the structure-activity relations of rosmarinic acid derivatives for(More)
the June issue of Arthritis Research & Th erapy [1]. Th e study compared the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints calculated by using C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) versus American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission in terms of residual pain. Th e authors stated that DAS28CRP remission criteria allowed for(More)