Hiroto Mizushima

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Gene products of hepatitis C virus (HCV), a possible major causative agent of posttransfusion non-A, non-B hepatitis, are considered to be produced from a precursor polyprotein via proteolytic processing mediated by either host cell or viral proteinases. The presence of HCV serine proteinase has been proposed from analyses of amino acid sequence homology.(More)
Laminin (LN)-5, a heterotrimer of alpha3, beta3, and gamma2 chains, has been suggested to be involved in tumor cell invasion. The present immunohistochemical study investigated the distribution of the LN gamma2 chain in 48 different human gastric adenocarcinomas. The immunohistochemical analysis showed two distinct patterns of LN gamma2 chain expression:(More)
This study was designed to assess the association between novelty seeking and D4DR gene polymorphism in the Japanese population. The 48 bp repeat polymorphism in the third exon of the dopamine D4 receptor gene of 153 normal female students was correlated with personality feature results from the Japanese version of Cloninger's Temperament and Character(More)
We have demonstrated that the ischemia-induced apoptosis of neurons in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus was prevented by either intracerebroventricular or intravenous infusion of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effect of PACAP remain to be determined. Within 3-6(More)
To clarify the regulatory mechanism of pro-gelatinase A (proGelA) activation at a cellular level, expression of gelatinase A (GelA), three MT-MMPs, and TIMP-2 was examined with 11 human cancer cell lines cultured in the presence and absence of stimulants. MT1-MMP mRNA was expressed in 8 cell lines, while MT2-MMP and MT3-MMP mRNAs were expressed in fewer(More)
Processing of the boundary region between the putative structural and nonstructural regions of the hepatitis C virus precursor polyprotein was analyzed by in vitro translation using reticulocyte lysate in the presence of canine microsomal membranes. At this boundary in the precursor polyprotein, the most carboxy-terminal of the structural proteins, gp70(More)
Defining apoptosis-regulatory cascades of the epithelium is important for understanding carcinogenesis, since cancer cells are considered to arise as a result of the collapse of the cascades. We previously reported that a novel gene GASDERMIN (GSDM) is expressed in the stomach but suppressed in gastric cancer cell lines. Furthermore, in this study, we(More)
This 8-year-old boy presented with a rare case of epidural hematoma of the clivus and atlantoaxial dislocation caused by a hyperflexion injury sustained in a traffic accident. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated an epidural hematoma in the posterior fossa that compressed the pons and medulla. On admission, the patient was confused and had bilateral(More)
The basement membrane protein laminin-5, a heterotrimer of laminin alpha3, beta3, and gamma2 chains, potently promotes cellular adhesion and motility. It has been supposed that the carboxyl-terminal globular region of the alpha3 chain consisting of five distinct domains (G1 to G5) is important for its interaction with integrins. To clarify the function of(More)