Hirotaka Toda

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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most formidable brain tumors with a mean survival period of approximately 12 months. To date, a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy with an oral alkylating agent, temozolomide (TMZ), has been used as first-line therapy for glioma. However, the efficacy of chemotherapy for treating GBM is very limited;(More)
The amino acid sequences of three variants of the Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitors, Tia, Tib, and Tic, obtained from some cultivars of soybean were determined by conventional methods. All three inhibitors consisted of 181 amino acid residues. The differences in the amino acid sequences are as follows: Tia E12 G55 Y62 H71 S74 M114 L120 P137 L176; Tib S F N R V(More)
We examined postoperative serial changes in the levels of serum interleukin 6 (IL-6), serum acute phase reactants (APRs) and plasma neutrophil elastase (NE) in patients with various cancers and reviewed these changes in patients who did, and did not, show postoperative complications. Serum IL-6 level was elevated after surgery, peaking on the first(More)
The administration of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to patients with severe active infections has been questioned because activation of neutrophils may cause tissue injury. To identify the effect of GM-CSF administration on severe sepsis, we examined the survival rate and pathologic changes in vital organs using the rat lethal(More)
The ubiquinone-binding protein (QP-C) is a nuclear-encoded component of ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and plays an important role in electron transfer as a ubiquinone-QP-C complex. We obtained a partial cDNA for rat liver QP-C by screening a lambda gt11 rat liver cDNA library using antiserum directed against(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of calmodulin from wheat germ was determined by isolating and sequencing the cyanogen bromide and tryptic peptides. The protein consisted of 149 amino acid residues and its amino(N)-terminus was blocked with an acetyl group. Wheat germ calmodulin lacked tryptophan and contained 1 mol each of histidine, tyrosine, cysteine,(More)
We have isolated five genomic DNA clones which contain nucleotide sequences hybridizable to a cDNA for human ubiquinone-binding protein in Complex III (QP). Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that two of them contained different types of pseudogenes suggesting molecular evolution of the gene, and that the other three clones contained the overlapping(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal metastasis is the most frequent cause of death in patients with gastric cancer. Detection of free cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity at the time of surgery, therefore, is considered to be of great value in predicting the peritoneal recurrence and accordingly in the prognosis in patients with gastric cancer. This study examined the(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor-responsive neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from adult rat hippocampus were earlier demonstrated to generate neurons and glia. These stem-cell-derived neurons express GABA, acetylcholinesterase, tyrosine hydroxylase, or calbindin. It has not been clear, however, whether or not these stem-cell-derived neurons are able to form(More)
A site-directed mutagenesis study was carried out in order to understand the regulatory mechanism of calmodulin. We started from the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) calmodulin gene since it has many differences in amino acid sequence and inferior functional properties compared with the vertebrate calmodulin. Recombinant yeast calmodulins were generated in(More)