Hirotaka Shimizu

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PURPOSE The watershed line is a useful surgical landmark for positioning a volar locking plate. Implants placed on or distal to it can impinge on flexor tendons and cause injury. However, the details of the anatomy of this line are unclear. We studied macroscopically and histologically the structures of the volar aspect of the distal radius. METHODS We(More)
We report the case of an 11-year-old girl with ulcerative colitis refractory to conventional therapy, who was subsequently treated successfully with repeated fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). The patient was steroid dependent despite several infliximab treatments, and colectomy was proposed to improve quality of life. After repeated FMT, she was able(More)
BACKGROUND Predictive equations are often used to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE). Determining the appropriate equation for different patient types, however, remains inconclusive, as in the case of Japanese children with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to identify an appropriate predictive equation for measuring REE in Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND Although tacrolimus (TAC) can induce remission in children with refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or autoimmune gastroenteropathy (AGE), its use in maintenance therapy remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential nephrotoxic nature of prolonged TAC use. METHODS This retrospective study reviewed(More)
Thrombocytopenia is a major risk factor for cirrhotic liver disease. Patients with thrombocytopenia may have esophageal or gastric varices secondary to portal hypertension, leading to variceal bleeding which exposes the liver to further damage. Here, we present a female pediatric patient with PSC and CD, whose progressive thrombocytopenia was successfully(More)
BACKGROUND 5-Aminosalicylate (5-ASA) is widely used as the first-line drug for ulcerative colitis (UC). 5-ASA is mostly a safe and effective drug, but it can bring about exacerbation due to 5-ASA intolerance. 5-ASA intolerance can be confusing and it can mislead physicians into considering unnecessary treatment escalation, including corticosteroid (CS),(More)
Background Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID) are clinicopathologically characterized by massive eosinophilic infiltration into the gastrointestinal tract and are classified into eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), gastritis (EG), gastroenteritis, enteritis and colitis according to the site of infiltration. Studies of the pathogenic mechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) is clinicopathologically characterized by both marked gastric eosinophilia and clinical symptoms. The endoscopic findings in EG vary among patients, leading to clinical confusion. However, little is known about the relationship between precise endoscopic findings and the pathophysiological process responsible for EG.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder in which phagocytes are unable to eradicate pathogens because of a deficit of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. Among CGD patients, ∼ 30% to 50% develop severe gastrointestinal tract symptoms. Although characteristic histologic findings of CGD-associated colitis(More)