Hirotaka Naitou

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A total of 293 ticks and 111 wild rodents that were collected in Shizuoka and Nagano Prefectures, Japan, were examined for infection of Ehrlichia species and 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis.' The 16S rDNA or the omp-1 gene of these bacterial DNAs were detected from the spleens of tick-inoculated mice (5 positive/total 29 mice) or from the spleens of(More)
Legionella pneumophila, which is a causative pathogen of Legionnaires' disease, expresses its virulent traits in response to growth conditions. In particular, it is known to become virulent at a post-exponential phase in vitro culture. In this study, we performed a proteomic analysis of differences in expression between the exponential phase and(More)
Angiogenesis is crucial for tumor growth and hematogenous metastasis. Specifically expressed and functional protein molecules in angiogenic endothelial cells, especially on the plasma membrane, may be molecular targets for antiangiogenic drugs and drug delivery systems (DDS) in cancer therapy. To discover such target molecules, we performed subcellular(More)
A pair of primers, NV35 and NV36, and another pair of primers, NV81 and NV82/SM82, are commonly used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of Norwalk-like virus (NLV) genome RNA sequences in authorized test laboratories in Japan. However, the efficiency of NLV genome RNA detection with these primer pairs has been less than satisfactory. In the(More)
The amount of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in sera is considered to be a direct marker for CMV infection. We established conditions for nested PCR that detected one copy of CMV DNA, and for competitive PCR, which detected five or more copies of CMV DNA quantitatively. We tested 50 microl each of 16 freeze-stored and 5 fresh sera from patients, for CMV(More)
We previously reported RXR partial agonist CBt-PMN (1-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthyl)-1H-benzotriazole-5-carboxylic acid: 5, EC50 = 143 nM, Emax = 75%), which showed a potent glucose-lowering effect without causing serious adverse effects. However, it remains important to elucidate the structural requirements for RXR efficacy and the(More)
Diabetic patients are prone to severe bacterial infections. The functional alterations of neutrophils by hyperglycemia are thought to be partially responsible for such infections. In this study, we investigated the functional changes of neutrophil-like differentiated cell lines (dHL-60, dTHP-1, and dNB-4) by treatment with 5.5 mM, 11 mM, or 35 mM of(More)
To characterize the protein expression profiles and identify the molecules associated with tumor angiogenesis, the cellular proteins of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in response to cancer cell-conditioned medium (CM) prepared from HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells were analyzed using fluorescence-labeled 2D gel-based proteomics. Most(More)
The amount of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genomic RNA in sera is considered to be one of the most direct markers for patient prognosis and monitoring the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy. Quantitative detection of HIV-1 RNA was performed by the dilution endpoint method and competitive PCR. Conditions for detecting one copy of HIV-1 control(More)