Hirotaka Matsuo

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Urate, a naturally occurring product of purine metabolism, is a scavenger of biological oxidants implicated in numerous disease processes, as demonstrated by its capacity of neuroprotection. It is present at higher levels in human blood (200 500 microM) than in other mammals, because humans have an effective renal urate reabsorption system, despite their(More)
L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) is a Na+-independent neutral amino acid transport agency and essential for the transport of large neutral amino acids. LAT1 has been identified as a light chain of the CD98 heterodimer from C6 glioma cells. LAT1 also corresponds to TA1, an oncofetal antigen that is expressed primarily in fetal tissues and cancer cells.(More)
System T is a Na+-independent transport system that selectively transports aromatic amino acids. Here, we determined the structure of the human T-type amino-acid transporter-1 (TAT1) cDNA and gene (SLC16A10). The human TAT1 cDNA encoded a 515-amino-acid protein with 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. Human SLC16A10 was localized on human chromosome 6,(More)
Renal hypouricemia is an inherited disorder characterized by impaired renal urate (uric acid) reabsorption and subsequent low serum urate levels, with severe complications such as exercise-induced acute renal failure and nephrolithiasis. We previously identified SLC22A12, also known as URAT1, as a causative gene of renal hypouricemia. However, hypouricemic(More)
Gout based on hyperuricemia is a common disease with a genetic predisposition, which causes acute arthritis. The ABCG2/BCRP gene, located in a gout-susceptibility locus on chromosome 4q, has been identified by recent genome-wide association studies of serum uric acid concentrations and gout. Urate transport assays demonstrated that ABCG2 is a high-capacity(More)
ABCG2, also known as BCRP, is a high-capacity urate exporter, the dysfunction of which raises gout/hyperuricemia risk. Generally, hyperuricemia has been classified into urate 'overproduction type' and/or 'underexcretion type' based solely on renal urate excretion, without considering an extra-renal pathway. Here we show that decreased extra-renal urate(More)
System asc transporter Asc-1, expressed in the brain, transports D- and L-serine with high affinity. To determine the localization of Asc-1 in the rat brain, we isolated a cDNA for the rat orthologue of Asc-1. The encoded protein designated as rAsc-1 (rat Asc-1) exhibited 98% sequence identity to mouse Asc-1 (mAsc-1). Based on amino acid sequences of rAsc-1(More)
L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), a neutral amino acid transporter, requires covalent association with the heavy chain of 4F2 cell surface antigen (4F2hc) for its functional form. We investigated the importance of LAT1 and 4F2hc expressions to progression in upper urinary tract cancer. We examined their expressions and their relationships to(More)
We identified a novel Na(+)-independent acidic amino acid transporter designated AGT1 (aspartate/glutamate transporter 1). AGT1 exhibits the highest sequence similarity (48% identity) to the Na(+)-independent small neutral amino acid transporter Asc (asc-type amino acid transporter)-2 a member of the heterodimeric amino acid transporter family presumed to(More)
The expression of amino acid transporter (AT) mRNAs including A system (ATA1/SNAT1/SLC38A1, ATA2/SNAT2/SLC38A2 and ATA3/SNAT3/SLC38A4), L system (LAT1/SLC7A5 and LAT2/SLC7A8), and y+ (CAT2/SLC7A2) genes, were compared among hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-cancerous liver cells. Among them the ATA1 mRNA expression was significantly elevated in all HCC(More)