Hirotaka Kawano

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As locally converted estrogen from testicular testosterone contributes to apparent androgen activity, the physiological significance of androgen receptor (AR) function in the beneficial effects of androgens on skeletal tissues has remained unclear. We show here that inactivation of AR in mice using a Cre-loxP system-mediated gene-targeting technique caused(More)
Testicular testosterone produced during a critical perinatal period is thought to masculinize and defeminize the male brain from the inherent feminization program and induce male-typical behaviors in the adult. These actions of testosterone appear to be exerted not through its androgenic activity, but rather through its conversion by brain aromatase into(More)
This study investigated the actions of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-18, a novel member of the FGF family, on osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and osteoclasts and compared them with those of FGF-2 and FGF-10. FGF-18 stimulated the proliferation of cultured mouse primary osteoblasts, osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, primary chondrocytes, and prechondrocytic ATDC5(More)
Bone homeostasis is maintained through a balance between bone formation and resorption. Bone resorption is mainly carried out by a specific type of cell called the osteoclast (OCL). Previously, expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), the most potent endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, has been demonstrated in bone tissue and it known to(More)
Deeply situated soft-tissue haemangioma sometimes causes periosteal new bone formation on the neighbouring bone. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the aetiological factors for this phenomenon. We studied 25 patients with soft-tissue haemangioma on whom plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
Androgen has anabolic effects on cardiac myocytes and has been shown to enhance left ventricular enlargement and function. However, the physiological and patho-physiological roles of androgen in cardiac growth and cardiac stress-induced remodeling remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether the androgen-nuclear androgen receptor (AR) system contributes to(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) null male mice (AR(L-/Y)) revealed late-onset obesity, which was confirmed by computed tomography-based body composition analysis. AR(L-/Y) mice were euphagic compared with the wild-type male (AR(X/Y)) controls, but they were also less dynamic and consumed less oxygen. Transcript profiling indicated that AR(L-/Y) mice had lower(More)
In anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, it is more technically demanding, even for experienced surgeons, to place 2 femoral tunnels within the ACL attachment than to place 2 tibial tunnels. We describe a technique using a three-dimensional (3-D) fluoroscopy-based navigation system to place 2 femoral tunnels accurately.(More)
Southern blot-hybridization analysis of DNAs from human tumors demonstrated amplification of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor gene in 10 of 12 squamous cell carcinoma cell lines tested and in none of 18 tumor cell lines of nonsquamous cell carcinomas. The degree of amplification in the squamous cells varied from 2- to 50-fold relative to the(More)
We report on a case of clear cell chondrosarcoma (CCCS) of the left iliac bone in a 12-year-old skeletally immature boy. Radiographic examination revealed an aggressive osteolytic lesion with areas of mineralization. Fluid-fluid levels were seen on T2-weighted MR images. Laboratory data showed slight elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase. The biopsy(More)