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In this work, the role of jasmonic acid (JA) in leaf senescence is examined. Exogenous application of JA caused premature senescence in attached and detached leaves in wild-type Arabidopsis but failed to induce precocious senescence of JA-insensitive mutant coi1 plants, suggesting that the JA-signaling pathway is required for JA to promote leaf senescence.(More)
Plants under stress from both biotic and abiotic sources produce increased levels of ethylene, which is perceived by ethylene receptors and triggers cellular responses further downstream. Protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation were implicated in the regulation of ethylene induction by stresses based on studies using protein kinase and phosphatase(More)
A mutation in the Arabidopsis gene ssi2/fab2, which encodes stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase (S-ACP-DES), results in the reduction of oleic acid (18:1) levels in the mutant plants and also leads to the constitutive activation of NPR1-dependent and -independent defense responses. By contrast, ssi2 plants are compromised in the induction of the(More)
Six-carbon (C(6)) aldehydes and alcohols are important components of the aroma and flavor of fruits and vegetables. Soybean lipoxygenase (LOX) isozyme LOX 3 was reported not only to produce less 13-hydroperoxides, precursors of C(6) aldehydes, but also to convert them to ketodiene products. Here, we examined the effects of LOX 3 on hexenal formation from(More)
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HL) is the key enzyme for the production of the "green note"compounds, leaf aldehyde [(2E)-hexenal] and leaf alcohol [(3Z)-hexenol], in plant tissues. A cDNA encoding HL was cloned from leaves of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and expressed in Nicotiana tabacum. The enzyme is 3 times more active with 13-hydroperoxylinolenic(More)
The final steps of jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis are thought to involve peroxisomal beta-oxidation, but this has not been directly demonstrated. The last and key step in fatty acid beta-oxidation is catalyzed by 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (KAT) (EC 2.3.1.16). A mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Landsberg erecta, which lacks a functional KAT protein and(More)
It has been known that lipoxygenase (LOX) isozymes exhibit differences in product formation, but most product information to date is for LOX 1 among soybean (Glycine max) LOX isozymes. In this study, LOXs 2 and 3 were purified and used to generate hydroperoxide (HPOD) products in an in vitro system using linoleic acid as a substrate in the presence of(More)
This paper reviews Bacillus genes encoding monooxygenase enzymes producing unique fatty acid metabolites. Specifically, it examines standard monooxygenase electron transfer schemes and related domain structures of these fused domain enzymes on route to understanding the observed oxygenase activities. A few crystallographic analyses of the standard bearer(More)
Salicylic acid (SA), ethylene, and jasmonic acid (JA) are important signaling molecules in plant defense to biotic stress. An intricate signaling network involving SA, ethylene, and JA fine tunes plant defense responses. SA-dependent defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana are mediated through NPR1-dependent and -independent mechanisms. We have previously(More)
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol to form seed oil triacylglycerol (TAG). To understand the features of genes encoding soybean (Glycine max) DGATs and possible roles in soybean seed oil synthesis and accumulation, two full-length cDNAs encoding type 1 diacylglycerol acyltransferases(More)