Hirosuke Kobayashi

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BACKGROUND Exogenously administered hydrogen exerts cytoprotective effects through anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic mechanisms in various disease settings, including organ transplantation. Our objective in this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a novel cold storage device equipped with a hydrogen-rich water bath. METHODS The study(More)
An understanding of the local changes in cerebral oxygen content accompanying functional brain activation is critical for making a valid signal interpretation of hemodynamic-based functional brain imaging. However, spatiotemporal relations between changes in tissue partial pressure of oxygen (Po2) and induced neural activity remain incompletely understood.(More)
To investigate the dynamics of tissue oxygen demand and supply during brain functions, we simultaneously recorded Po(2) and local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) with an oxygen microelectrode and laser Doppler flowmetry, respectively, in rat somatosensory cortex. Electrical hindlimb stimuli were applied for 1, 2, and 5 s to vary the duration of evoked cerebral(More)
Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to decrease the infarct size in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, reactive nitrogen species (RNS) produced by NO cause myocardial dysfunction and injury. Because H₂ is reported to eliminate peroxynitrite, it was expected to reduce the adverse effects of NO. In mice, left anterior descending(More)
BACKGROUND Although the benefits of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) have been globally advocated, the potentially deleterious effects of applying EVLP, in particular activation of proinflammatory cascades and alteration of metabolic profiles, are rarely discussed. This study examined proinflammatory events and metabolic profiles in lung grafts on EVLP and(More)
We conducted a Phase I trial of irinotecan (CPT-11), a topoisomerase I inhibitor, combined with amrubicin, a topoisomerase II inhibitor. The aim was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of amrubicin combined with a fixed dose of CPT-11 as well as the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) of this combination in patients with advanced non-small cell lung(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether endogenous nitric oxide (NO), specifically the inducible NO synthase isoform (iNOS: NOS II), reduces or amplifies lung injury in mice breathing at a high oxygen tension. Previous studies have shown that exogenous (inhaled) NO protects against hyperoxia-induced lung injury, and that endogenous NO derived(More)
Neurotrophins play an essential role in nerve systems. Recent reports indicated that neurotrophins [nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5)] have numerous effects on non-neural cells, especially on immune cells. However, whether lung cells express neurotrophins and/or their(More)
Although hemodynamic-based functional brain imaging techniques are powerful tools to explore the brain functions noninvasively, hemodynamic-based signal is strongly affected by spatial configuration of microvessels. Understanding the quantitative relations between microvascular structure and functional activity is therefore significant to make a valid(More)
Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a forced oscillation technique that enables pulmonary functional studies to be performed without requiring strenuous maneuvers. IOS assesses different components of respiratory impedance. The aim of this study was to compare the inspiratory and expiratory IOS parameters in COPD patients. IOS and spirometry were performed in 15(More)