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BACKGROUND It is well-known that the lacrimal gland (LG) may be affected in IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4ROD). Recently, IgG4-related ophthalmic lesions other than those of the lacrimal gland have been reported. However, no study to date has revealed the details of these lesions. This study was conducted to evaluate the location and frequency of(More)
We study productivity dispersions across workers, firms and industrial sectors. Empirical study of the Japanese data shows that they all obey the Pareto law, and also that the Pareto index decreases with the level of aggregation. In order to explain these two stylized facts, we propose a theoretical framework built upon the basic principle of statistical(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of fibrinogen on angiogenesis in vitro formed by cultured bovine choroidal endothelial cells (BCECs) and the involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in this mechanism. METHODS For in vitro tube formation assay, BCECs were seeded on collagen gel containing fibrinogen (0-1.5(More)
Transplantation of in-vitro-generated organ buds is a promising approach toward regenerating functional and vascularized organs. Though it has been recently shown in the context of liver models, demonstrating the applicability of this approach to other systems by delineating the molecular mechanisms guiding organ bud formation is critical. Here, we(More)
We present a case report in which a 4-year-old girl was involved in a fall that resulted in an injury of the right orbita. The girl kept a chopstick in her right hand that got into the right orbita due to this accident. Only a fraction remained in the orbita; the residual chopstick got lost. Hence, the substance of the chopstick was unknown. Computed(More)
We present an electro-optical apparatus capable of displaying a computer generated hologram (CGH) in real time. The CGH is calculated by a supercomputer, read from a fast frame buffer, and transmitted to a high-bandwidth acousto-optic modulator (AOM). Coherent light is modulated by the AOM and optically processed to produce a three-dimensional image with(More)
The age-related changes in the electrical and physiological properties of the skin were examined in rats at the ages of 5, 10, 21, 90, and 180 d. The resistance of the stratum corneum, the resistance of the viable skin (epidermis and dermis), and the capacitance of the stratum corneum were analyzed from skin impedance data using an equivalent circuit. With(More)
OBJECTIVES 3D turbo field echo with diffusion-sensitised driven-equilibrium preparation (DSDE-TFE) is a novel non-echo planar technique for diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging. The purpose of this study was to differentiate intraorbital lymphoma from immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) using the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from(More)
Swallowtail butterflies belonging to the family of Papilionidae selectively utilize a limited number of plants from a single or a few families. Female butterflies lay eggs on their host only when they detect specific chemicals through their foreleg chemosensilla while drumming on the leaf surface. Here we show(More)
We propose an "accurate" phase-added stereogram, which can be defined as an improved phase-added stereogram. Generally, the macroblock size transformed by the fast Fourier transform is the same as the segmentation size of the phase-added stereogram. However, the proposed method uses a lager macroblock size than does the conventional method to reduce(More)