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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To analyze the effects of substrain and gender differences in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) branching patterns on infarct size, we compared infarct volumes produced by photothrombotic distal MCA occlusion using SHR/Kyushu and SHR/Izumo (Izm). METHODS Twenty-four male and 8 female(More)
To investigate the effects of anemia correction with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on both cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism in hemodialysis (HD) patients, the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), oxygen extraction (rOEF), and metabolic rate for oxygen (rCMRO2) were measured by positron emission tomography in five HD patients, and the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of anti-platelet agents with different modes of action (cilostazol, aspirin, and clopidogrel) on brain infarction produced by photothrombotic middle-cerebral-artery (MCA) occlusion in male, spontaneously hypertensive rats. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured with laser-Doppler flowmetry in the(More)
We performed clinical and neuroradiologic studies, including positron emission tomography, in five patients with vascular dementia of the Binswanger type. The clinical features of these cases consisted of slowly progressive dementia, together with vascular risk factors such as hypertension and often a history of minor stroke, and characteristic white matter(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the factors which influence cognitive impairment among elderly subjects living in a local community, based on both MRI and clinical findings, to further elucidate the causes of dementia, and also to help develop strategies for its prevention. METHODS Cranial MRI and other medical examinations were performed on non-demented elderly(More)
This study was designed to investigate the role of the L-type voltage sensitive calcium channel blocker, isradipine, in the ischemia-induced release of neurotransmitters. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats were subjected to cerebral ischemia for 60 min by bilateral carotid artery occlusion, and recirculated for 120 min. Isradipine (0.25 mg/kg n = 6) or(More)
Although apoptotic cell death has been suggested to be involved in ischemic injury of the brain, the precise mechanisms of ischemic neuronal cell death are unknown. Here, we examined the biochemical feature of apoptosis (i.e. DNA fragmentation) in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (5-7 months old) subjected to photothrombotic distal middle cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although our previous study demonstrated that dementia of the Binswanger type may be a disconnection dementia caused by leukoaraiosis, some hypertensive patients with marked leukoaraiosis do not develop dementia. The goal of the present study is to elucidate the pathophysiology of nondemented hypertensive patients with leukoaraiosis.(More)
We examined the effects of a potent and selective antagonist of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) subtype of glutamate receptor, YM90K, on brain infarction using a newly developed stroke model of thrombotic distal middle cerebral artery occlusion. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (5-7 months old) were subjected to(More)
A mass fragmentographic method for the simultaneous quantification of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamic acid is described. In a convenient one-step reaction, the two amino acids were derivatized with pentafluoropropionic anhydride and pentafluoropropanol. The derivatization products were stable for several days. The technique has been applied to(More)