Hiroshi Yamagishi

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Fine structure of the heart and the effects on the heartbeat of some transmitter candidates in crustacean cardioregulatory system were examined in the myogenic heart of the branchiopod crustacean Triops longicaudatus. Electron microscopy revealed that, in each myocardial cell, myofibrils are confined in the part facing the epicardium and intercalated disks(More)
Pacemaker mechanisms in the heart of the primitive crustacean Triops longicaudatus were examined electrophysiologically. The heart is tubular and the heart wall consists of a single layer of myocardial cells. No nerve cells were found in the heart, either with methylene blue vital staining or by light microscopy of serial sections. The heart beats(More)
Although crustaceans typically have a neurogenic heart, the primitive crustacean Triops longicaudatus has a myogenic heart with the heartbeat arising from the endogenous rhythmic activity of the myocardium. In the present investigation, the effects of six biogenic amines, epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, octopamine, serotonin and histamine, on the(More)
Developmental changes in dopamine modulation of the heart were examined in the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica. The Ligia cardiac pacemaker is transferred from the myocardium to the cardiac ganglion during juvenile development and the heartbeat changes from myogenic to neurogenic. In the myogenic heart of early juveniles, dopamine affected the myocardium(More)
We present several lines of evidence for the occurrence of graded synaptic transmission in addition to impulse-mediated transmission at the neuromuscular junction between cardiac ganglion (CG) neurones and the myocardium in the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica. In the heart of adult Ligia exotica, the CG acts as a primary pacemaker for the heartbeat by(More)
The heart of the ostracod crustacean Vargula hilgendorfii has a single intrinsic neuron that morphologically appears to innervate the myocardium. We, therefore, examined the heart activity electrophysiologically to determine whether the heartbeat is neurogenic. Each heartbeat is associated with a myocardial action potential composed of a spike potential(More)
In the adult heart of the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica, the cardiac ganglion acts as the primary pacemaker with the myocardium having a latent pacemaker property. We show several lines of evidence that dopamine modulates the heartbeat of adult L. exotica affecting both pacemaker sites in the heart. Dopamine caused positive chronotropic (frequency(More)
During juvenile development, the cardiac pacemaker of the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica is transferred from the myocardium to the cardiac ganglion of the neurogenic heart. In adult, light stimulus decreases the beat frequency of the heart. To elucidate developmental changes in the photosensitivity of the juvenile Ligia heart, we examined the effect of a(More)
Developmental changes in heartbeat pacemaker mechanisms were examined electrophysiologically in the isopod crustacean Ligia exotica. The heartbeat of embryos and early juveniles was myogenic. The heart muscle cells were coupled electrically, and no localized pacemaker activity was found in the heart. In newly hatched juveniles, the cardiac ganglion(More)
Innervation of the heart muscle by the cardioacceleratory neurons was morphologically and electrophysiologically examined in the isopod crustacean, Ligia exotica. Intracellular injection of neurobiotin into the first and second cardioacceleratory neurons (CA1 and CA2) revealed their peripheral axonal projections. Inside the heart, the CA1 and CA2 axons ran(More)