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L-Glutamate is believed to function as an intercellular transmitter in the islets of Langerhans. However, critical issues, i.e. where, when and how L-glutamate appears, and what happens upon stimulation of glutamate receptors in the islets, remain unresolved. Vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2), an isoform of the vesicular glutamate transporter(More)
We investigated the effects of immobilization on the maximal motoneuronal firing rate recorded from the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) during voluntary isometric contraction. In five human subjects, the middle finger, index finger, and thumb were immobilized for 1 week in a fiber-glass cast, which kept FDI in a shortened position. During a maximal(More)
This study was undertaken to clarify the influence of repeated oral administration of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on CYP2C9 and CYP3A4. CYP2C9 probe (tolbutamide, 125 mg) and CYP3A4 probe (midazolam, 8 mg) were orally administered to 10 male healthy volunteers before and after GBE intake (360 mg/d) for 28 days, and they received 75 g glucose after the(More)
Smart health care, that measures users' living conditions and health status using small sensing devices and collecting their data over a network under daily life, is expected as a new trend. It is getting paid more attention along with the increase of demands of preventive care. In this paper, vital data rates and the amount of the data accumulation in a(More)
Toxicogenomics focuses on assessing the safety of compounds using gene expression profiles. Gene expression signatures from large toxicogenomics databases are expected to perform better than small databases in identifying biomarkers for the prediction and evaluation of drug safety based on a compound's toxicological mechanisms in animal target organs. Over(More)
AIMS Clinical use of olanzapine has been suggested to be associated with weight gain and adiposity in schizophrenic patients. While studies in experimental animals have noted weight gain in olanzapine-treated female rats, these findings have yet to be replicated in males. This study investigated the effect of chronic subcutaneous infusion of olanzapine in(More)
Graphics processing units (GPUs) provide orders-of-magnitude speedup for compute-intensive data-parallel applications. However, enterprise and cloud computing domains, where resource isolation of multiple clients is required, have poor access to GPU technology. This is due to lack of operating system (OS) support for vir-tualizing GPUs in a reliable manner.(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study was designed to assess both lumbar sagittal balance and clinical outcomes of decompression and posterolateral fusion for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. As an index for the radiologic evaluation of sagittal alignment, the L1 axis S1 distance was used (i.e., the horizontal distance from the plumbline of the center in the L1 to(More)
Recently, microRNAs, involved in RNA interference, were discovered as a new gene regulation, with little is known in the filed of toxicology. In this study, a toxic dose of acetaminophen or carbon tetrachloride was administered singly to male rats, and microarry analysis using mirVana miRNA bioarray was performed. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis(More)
To achieve a goal, animals procure immediately available rewards, escape from aversive events, or endure the absence of rewards. The neuronal substrates for these goal-directed actions include the limbic system and the basal ganglia. In the striatum, tonically active neurons (TANs), presumed cholinergic interneurons, were originally shown to respond to(More)