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CpG island promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes is one of the most characteristic abnormalities in EBV-associated gastric carcinoma (GC). Aberrant promoter methylation and expression loss of PTEN were evaluated in cancer tissues of GC by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively, showing that both abnormalities occurred(More)
The prognosis of osteosarcoma has been improved by chemotherapy. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) assist in folding proteins at posttranslation and degeneration under stress. We investigated the effect of HSPs on survival in osteosarcoma. Conventional osteosarcomas of the extremities from 70 patients aged 30 years or younger were used. Preoperational chemotherapy(More)
Gypican-3 (GPC3) has been recognized as an oncofetal protein in hepatic neoplasms and yolk sac tumors. To characterize a distinct subgroup of gastric carcinoma (GC) expressing GPC3 (GPC3-GC), primary and metastatic GC tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry with special focus on their related entities: hepatoid, clear-cell, and(More)
SOX9 is a member of the SOX [Sry-related high-mobility group (HMG) box] family and is required for the development and differentiation of multiple cell lineages. To clarify the significance of SOX9 in gastric carcinoma (GC), immunohistochemical expression of SOX9 and the CpG island methylation status of SOX9 were evaluated and compared with(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prevails among more than 90% of the adult population worldwide. Most primary infections occur during young childhood and cause no or only nonspecific symptoms; then the virus becomes latent and resides in lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. Inactive latent EBV usually causes no serious consequences, but once it becomes active it(More)
PURPOSE EBV-associated gastric carcinoma shows global CpG island methylation of the promoter region of various cancer-related genes. To further clarify the significance of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) status in gastric carcinoma, we investigated methylation profile and clinicopathologic features including overall survival in four subgroups defined(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinoma (GC) is the monoclonal growth of EBV-infected epithelial cells, and the entity was recognized only recently. EBV-associated GC is distributed worldwide and more than 90,000 patients are estimated to develop GC annually in association with EBV (10% of total GC). EBV-associated GC occurs in two forms in(More)
Promoter hypermethylation of various tumor-related genes is extremely frequent in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC). To investigate the significance of the promoter methylation in EBVaGC, we focused on one of the important proteins in the carcinogenesis of the stomach, E-cadherin. Methylation-specific PCR analysis (MSP) was(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with pathogenesis of several epithelial neoplasms and lymphoproliferative disorders. A certain percentage of gastric carcinomas are associated with EBV. EBV-associated gastric carcinoma is a distinct entity associated with good prognosis. Multiple carcinomas are highly prevalent in EBV-associated gastric carcinomas,(More)