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In an effort to produce ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxy-octadeca-cis-9-enoic acid: C18:1-OH) as a petrochemical replacement in a variety of industrial processes, we introduced Claviceps purpurea oleate ∆12-hydroxylase gene (CpFAH12) to Schizosaccharomyces pombe, putting it under the control of inducible nmt1 promoter. Since Fah12p is able to convert oleic acid(More)
We previously found that SNF2, a gene encoding a transcription factor forming part of the SWI/SNF (switching/sucrose non-fermenting) chromatin-remodelling complex, is involved in lipid accumulation, because the Deltasnf2 disruptant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a higher lipid content. The present study was conducted to identify other factors that might(More)
Triglycerides (TG) are major storage lipids for eukaryotic cells. In this study, we characterized three genes of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, SPCC1450.16c, SPAC1786.01c, and SPAC1A6.05c, that show high homology to Saccharomyces cerevisiae TG lipase genes, TGL3, TGL4, and TGL5. Deletion of each gene increased TG content by approximately 1.7-fold(More)
We isolated a cDNA clone with homology to known desaturase genes from Oblongichytrium sp., recently classified as a new genus of thraustochytrids (Labyrinthulomycetes), and found that it encoded Delta5-desaturase by its heterologous expression in yeast. The enzyme had higher activity toward 20:4n-3 than 20:3n-6, indicating that this Delta5-desaturase can be(More)
Lipid production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae was improved by overexpression of the yeast diacylglycerol acyltransferase Dga1p lacking the N-terminal 29 amino acids (Dga1∆Np), which was previously found to be an active form in the ∆snf2 mutant. Overexpression of Dga1∆Np in the ∆snf2 mutant, however, did not increase lipid content as expected, which prompted(More)
Two clones with homology to known fatty acid desaturase genes were isolated from the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. The first gene, which we designate KlFAD2, consists of 411 amino acids with an overall identity of 73.0% to FAD2 from Saccharomyces kluyveri. It exhibited Delta12 fatty acid desaturase activity when expressed in S. cerevisiae under the control of(More)
Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains Delta9 fatty acid desaturase (OLE1) as a sole fatty acid desaturase, it produces saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of 16- and 18-carbon compounds. We showed earlier that Kluyveromyces lactis Delta12 (KlFAD2) and omega3 (KlFAD3) fatty acid desaturase genes enabled S. cerevisiae to make also polyunsaturated(More)
We have succeeded to produce a high content of ricinoleic acid (RA), a hydroxylated fatty acid with great values as a petrochemical replacement, in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe by introducing Claviceps purpurea oleate Δ12-hydroxylase gene (CpFAH12). Although the production was toxic to S. pombe cells, we solved the problem by identifying plg7,(More)
Screening of the homozygous diploid yeast deletion pool of 4741 non-essential genes identified two null mutants (Deltaura7 and Deltagal6) that grew faster than the wild-type strain in medium containing 8% v/v ethanol. The survival rate of the gal6 disruptant in 10% ethanol was higher than that of the wild-type strain. On the other hand, the glucose(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae produces saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of 16- and 18-carbon atoms and no polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with more than two double bonds. To study the biological significance of PUFAs in yeast, we introduced Kluyveromyces lactis Delta12 fatty acid desaturase (KlFAD2) and omega3 fatty acid desaturase (KlFAD3) genes(More)