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Cholestasis occurs in a variety of clinical settings and often results in liver injury and secondary biliary fibrosis. Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are upregulated in the liver during cholestasis. The function of the major interstitial collagenase, MMP-13, in the initial phase of liver fibrosis is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Following hepatic injury, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) transdifferentiate to become extracellular matrix-producing myofibroblasts and to promote hepatic fibrogenesis. In this study, we determine gene expression changes in 3 different models of HSC activation and investigate whether HSC culture activation reproduces gene expression changes(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of Nrf2 in the pathogenesis of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. BACKGROUND Hepatic I/R injury is a serious complication that leads to liver failure after liver surgery. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in protecting cells against oxidative stress. Therefore, it(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcomatous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a rare histological variant of ICC. The prognosis of sarcomatous ICC is poorly understood. METHODS We analyzed the prognosis of sarcomatous ICC by reviewing the previous reports and our own case. RESULTS Only 15 cases of sarcomatous ICC have been reported in the English-language literature(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in hepatic fibrogenesis. However, their origin is still unknown. We tested the hypothesis that bone marrow (BM) contributes to the population of HSCs. METHODS Chimeric mice transplanted with donor BM from collagen alpha1(I)-GFP+ reporter mice were subjected to the bile duct ligation(More)
The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is involved in the regulation of cell death, but its role in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- and Fas-mediated apoptosis in primary cells is not well defined. In primary rat hepatocytes expressing an IkappaB superrepressor, the JNK inhibitor SP600125 strongly decreased TNF-alpha-induced cell death, caspase 3 activation,(More)
A combination of an in situ pedicle resection of the liver and a hepatic vein reconstruction using a cranially transpositioned segment of the IVC after implantation of an ePTFE graft at the missing IVC was useful in treating a patient who suffered from a huge liver tumor involving all of the hepatic venous confluence and the IVC. Although early tumor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Forkhead box gene, group O (FoxO) family of Forkhead transcription factors is phopsphorylated and inactivated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway and regulates a variety of cellular functions. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in liver fibrosis. A fibrotic stimulus causes HSCs to transdifferentiate(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) is a lipid mediator that blocks proliferation and induces apoptosis in many cell types. Although AEA levels are elevated in liver fibrosis, its role in fibrogenesis remains unclear. This study investigated effects of AEA in primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Anandamide blocked HSC proliferation at(More)