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Cholestasis occurs in a variety of clinical settings and often results in liver injury and secondary biliary fibrosis. Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are upregulated in the liver during cholestasis. The function of the major interstitial collagenase, MMP-13, in the initial phase of liver fibrosis is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in hepatic fibrogenesis. However, their origin is still unknown. We tested the hypothesis that bone marrow (BM) contributes to the population of HSCs. METHODS Chimeric mice transplanted with donor BM from collagen alpha1(I)-GFP+ reporter mice were subjected to the bile duct ligation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Following hepatic injury, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) transdifferentiate to become extracellular matrix-producing myofibroblasts and to promote hepatic fibrogenesis. In this study, we determine gene expression changes in 3 different models of HSC activation and investigate whether HSC culture activation reproduces gene expression changes(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Forkhead box gene, group O (FoxO) family of Forkhead transcription factors is phopsphorylated and inactivated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway and regulates a variety of cellular functions. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in liver fibrosis. A fibrotic stimulus causes HSCs to transdifferentiate(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of Nrf2 in the pathogenesis of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. BACKGROUND Hepatic I/R injury is a serious complication that leads to liver failure after liver surgery. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in protecting cells against oxidative stress. Therefore, it(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that an increase of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in liver tissue after an administration of milrinone, a phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor attenuates hepatic warm ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to determine whether cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) activation was(More)
Prostanoids play a pivotal role among the inflammatory mediators associated with I/R injury. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of oral supplementation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)-rich oil on inflammatory reactions and microcirculatory disorders caused by a hepatic warm I/R in rats. The rats were orally supplemented with n-3(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an evolutionary highly conserved acute phase protein that is predominantly secreted by hepatocytes. However, its role in liver injury and fibrogenesis has not been elucidated so far. In this study, we determined the effects of SAA on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the main fibrogenic cell type of the liver. Serum amyloid A potently(More)
Sarcomatous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a rare histological variant of ICC. The prognosis of sarcomatous ICC is poorly understood. We analyzed the prognosis of sarcomatous ICC by reviewing the previous reports and our own case. Only 15 cases of sarcomatous ICC have been reported in the English-language literature so far. Median survival time of(More)