Hiroshi Uchinami

Learn More
Cholestasis occurs in a variety of clinical settings and often results in liver injury and secondary biliary fibrosis. Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are upregulated in the liver during cholestasis. The function of the major interstitial collagenase, MMP-13, in the initial phase of liver fibrosis is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in hepatic fibrogenesis. However, their origin is still unknown. We tested the hypothesis that bone marrow (BM) contributes to the population of HSCs. METHODS Chimeric mice transplanted with donor BM from collagen alpha1(I)-GFP+ reporter mice were subjected to the bile duct ligation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Forkhead box gene, group O (FoxO) family of Forkhead transcription factors is phopsphorylated and inactivated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway and regulates a variety of cellular functions. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in liver fibrosis. A fibrotic stimulus causes HSCs to transdifferentiate(More)
The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is involved in the regulation of cell death, but its role in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- and Fas-mediated apoptosis in primary cells is not well defined. In primary rat hepatocytes expressing an IkappaB superrepressor, the JNK inhibitor SP600125 strongly decreased TNF-alpha-induced cell death, caspase 3 activation,(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) is a lipid mediator that blocks proliferation and induces apoptosis in many cell types. Although AEA levels are elevated in liver fibrosis, its role in fibrogenesis remains unclear. This study investigated effects of AEA in primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Anandamide blocked HSC proliferation at(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of Nrf2 in the pathogenesis of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. BACKGROUND Hepatic I/R injury is a serious complication that leads to liver failure after liver surgery. NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in protecting cells against oxidative stress. Therefore, it(More)
The endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) induces cell death in many cell types, but determinants of AEA-induced cell death remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of the AEA-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in AEA-induced cell death in the liver. Primary hepatocytes expressed high levels of FAAH and were completely resistant to(More)
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have been identified as the main fibrogenic cell type in the liver. Hence, efforts to understand hepatic fibrogenesis and to develop treatment strategies have focused on this cell type. HSC isolation, originally developed in rats, has subsequently been adapted to mice, thus allowing the study of fibrogenesis by genetic(More)
INTRODUCTION Inducing heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) provides the liver with various protective effects against stressful conditions. In this article, we report our use of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) to induce HO-1 in the liver in vivo and its impact on hepatic microcirculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS PDTC was injected intramuscularly into rats and the(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that an increase of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in liver tissue after an administration of milrinone, a phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor attenuates hepatic warm ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to determine whether cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) activation was(More)