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Chitinase (Chi85) from Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 contains the two conserved regions common to microbial and plant chitinases. We did site-directed mutagenesis of Chi85 to investigate the effects of the conserved amino acid residues on chitinase activity. We suggest that Asp-290 and Glu-292 of Chi85 may be the essential amino acid residues for the cleavage(More)
The gene encoding an extracellular chitinase from marine Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 was cloned in Escherichia coli JM109 by using pUC18. The chitinase produced was not secreted into the growth medium but accumulated in the periplasmic space. A chitinase-positive clone of E. coli produced two chitinases with different molecular weights from a single(More)
Two types of alkaline serine proteases were isolated from the culture filtrate of an alkalophilic actinomycete, Nocardiopsis dassonvillei OPC-210. The enzymes (protease I and protease II) were purified by acetone precipitation, DEAE-Sephadex A-50, CM-Sepharose CL-6B, Sephadex G-75 and phenyl-Toyopearl 650 M column chromatography. The purified enzymes showed(More)
A family 2b carbohydrate-binding module from Streptomyces thermoviolaceus STX-II was fused at the carboxyl-terminus of XynB, a thermostable and single domain family 10 xylanase from Thermotoga maritima, to create a chimeric xylanase. The chimeric enzyme (XynB-CBM2b) was purified and characterized. It displayed a pH-activity profile similar to that of XynB(More)
Two types of xylanases (1,4-beta-D-xylan xylanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.8) were isolated from the culture filtrate of a thermophilic actinomycete, Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520. The enzymes (STX-I and STX-II) were purified by chromatography with DEAE-Toyopearl 650 M, CM-Toyopearl 650 M, Sephadex G-75, Phenyl-Toyopearl 650 M, and Mono Q HR. The purified(More)
Family 19 chitinase genes, chi35 and chi25 of Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520, were cloned and sequenced. The chi35 and chi25 genes were arranged in tandem and encoded deduced proteins of 39,762 and 28,734 Da, respectively. Alignment of the deduced amino acid sequences demonstrated that Chi35 has an N-terminal domain and a catalytic domain and that(More)
AIMS The aim of study was to clarify whether the polycystic kidney disease (PKD) domain of chitinase A (ChiA) participates in the hydrolysis of powdered chitin. METHODS AND RESULTS Site-directed mutagenesis of the conserved aromatic residues of PKD domain was performed by PCR. The aromatic residues, W30, Y48, W64 and W67, were replaced by alanine, and(More)
We found a polyphenoloxidase (PPO) in the cell extract of Streptomyces lavendulae REN-7. About 0.8 mg of purified PPO was obtained from 200 g of the mycelia with a yield of 9.0%. REN-7-PPO showed broad substrate specificity toward various aromatic compounds. Moreover, this enzyme was capable of oxidation of syringaldazine, which is a specific substrate for(More)
Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 secretes four chitinases (ChiA, ChiB, ChiC, and ChiD) in the presence of chitin. To elucidate why the strain produces multiple chitinases, we studied the expression levels of the four genes and proteins, their enzymatic properties, and their synergistic effects on chitin degradation. Among the four chitinases, ChiA was produced in(More)
The chiS and chiR genes located upstream of the chitinase locus (chi40) on the chromosome of Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520 were cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequences revealed that ChiS (390 amino acids, 40.9 kDa) and ChiR (213 amino acids, 22 kDa) show significant sequence similarities to histidine kinases and response regulators,(More)