Hiroshi Tsujibo

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The gene encoding an extracellular chitinase from marine Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 was cloned in Escherichia coli JM109 by using pUC18. The chitinase produced was not secreted into the growth medium but accumulated in the periplasmic space. A chitinase-positive clone of E. coli produced two chitinases with different molecular weights from a single(More)
We found a polyphenoloxidase (PPO) in the cell extract of Streptomyces lavendulae REN-7. About 0.8 mg of purified PPO was obtained from 200 g of the mycelia with a yield of 9.0%. REN-7-PPO showed broad substrate specificity toward various aromatic compounds. Moreover, this enzyme was capable of oxidation of syringaldazine, which is a specific substrate for(More)
Chitinase (Chi85) from Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 contains the two conserved regions common to microbial and plant chitinases. We did site-directed mutagenesis of Chi85 to investigate the effects of the conserved amino acid residues on chitinase activity. We suggest that Asp-290 and Glu-292 of Chi85 may be the essential amino acid residues for the cleavage(More)
A family 2b carbohydrate-binding module from Streptomyces thermoviolaceus STX-II was fused at the carboxyl-terminus of XynB, a thermostable and single domain family 10 xylanase from Thermotoga maritima, to create a chimeric xylanase. The chimeric enzyme (XynB-CBM2b) was purified and characterized. It displayed a pH-activity profile similar to that of XynB(More)
The gene (aprI) encoding alkaline serine protease (AprI; subtilase) from Alteromonas sp. strain O-7 was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence of aprI has been identified. The deduced amino acid sequence indicated that aprI codes for a precursor of 715 amino acids and the precursor is composed of four regions including a signal peptide, an N-terminal(More)
Two types of xylanases (1,4-beta-D-xylan xylanohydrolase, EC were isolated from the culture filtrate of a thermophilic actinomycete, Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520. The enzymes (STX-I and STX-II) were purified by chromatography with DEAE-Toyopearl 650 M, CM-Toyopearl 650 M, Sephadex G-75, Phenyl-Toyopearl 650 M, and Mono Q HR. The purified(More)
A beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase gene (nagA) of Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520 was cloned in Streptomyces lividans 66. The nucleotide sequence of the gene, which encodes NagA, revealed an open reading frame of 1,896 bp, encoding a protein with an Mr of 66, 329. The deduced primary structure of NagA was confirmed by comparison with the N-terminal amino(More)
We purified and characterized an intracellular beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NagC) from a cytoplasmic fraction of Streptomyces thermoviolaceus OPC-520. The molecular mass of NagC was estimated to be 60 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The optimum pH and temperature of the enzyme were 6.0 and 50 degrees C respectively. Purified NagC(More)
One of the chitinase genes of Alteromonas sp. strain O-7, the chitinase C-encoding gene (chiC), was cloned, and the nucleotide sequence was determined. An open reading frame coded for a protein of 430 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 46,680 Da. Alignment of the deduced amino acid sequence demonstrated that ChiC contained three functional(More)
Two types of alkaline serine proteases were isolated from the culture filtrate of an alkalophilic actinomycete, Nocardiopsis dassonvillei OPC-210. The enzymes (protease I and protease II) were purified by acetone precipitation, DEAE-Sephadex A-50, CM-Sepharose CL-6B, Sephadex G-75 and phenyl-Toyopearl 650 M column chromatography. The purified enzymes showed(More)