Hiroshi Tsuboi

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After organ transplantation, severe osteoporosis is occasionally seen, and the use of immunosuppressants is thought to be one of the causes of such osteoporosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of FK506 monotherapy on bones and determined the mechanism of onset of osteoporosis, both by assessing chronological changes in bone metabolism and(More)
We synthesized 9alpha-fluoromedroxyprogesterone acetate (FMPA) in order to test whether it is a more potent anti-angiogenic agent than medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), which has been widely used as a therapeutic agent for breast and endometrium cancers. FMPA was previously synthesized in 10 steps (total yield: 1%). An efficient synthesis of FMPA has been(More)
9Alpha-fluoromedroxyprogesterone acetate (FMPA) is a novel synthetic analog of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), widely used as therapeutic agent for breast and endometrium cancers. FMPA showed almost the same binding affinities to the progesterone and glucocorticoid receptors as MPA. In the rabbit corneal assay, FMPA, MPA and fumagillin significantly(More)
Quercetin is ubiquitously distributed in plant foods. This antioxidative polyphenol is mostly converted to conjugated metabolites in the body. Parkinson disease (PD) has been suggested to be related to oxidative stress derived from abnormal dopaminergic activity. We evaluated if dietary quercetin contributes to the antioxidant network in the central nervous(More)
BACKGROUND A consensus on the brain dysfunction(s) underlying the delusions of Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) remains to be achieved. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that content-based categorization of delusional ideas manifests as dysfunction of category-specific brain regions. METHODS Fifty-nine consecutive first-visit AD outpatients(More)
OBJECTIVE The lateral hypothalamic area (LHa) is involved in various functions such as feeding, drinking, sexual and reward behavior, among others. Recently, we demonstrated that the LHa can regulate cellular immunity in the spleen. In experiments involving the LHa, it was noticed that the spleen shrinks noticeably after LHa destruction. To explore this(More)
Lipiodol, an iodine adduct lipid, has been used as a targeting carrier of anticancer drugs in experimental animals and humans. In most studies, the concentrations of the anticancer drugs in tissues and organs have been monitored, but not of the carrier because a simple method for measuring lipiodol in biological organs did not exist. Here we present an(More)
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is currently used therapeutically in the treatment of mammary and endometrial carcinomas. In order to develop a more potent and useful drug, we synthesized the novel compound, 9alpha-fluoromedoroxyprogesterone acetate (FMPA), by fluorinating MPA, and we also previously reported that FMPA displays more potent anti-angiogenic(More)
Propionibacterium freudenreichii ET-3 (7025) culture, a cell-free product of whey fermentation by P. freudenreichii ET-3, has been shown to promote the growth of Bifidobacteria through the action of 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (DHNA). Here we report the results of two clinical studies designed to evaluate the safety of high doses of P. freudenreichii(More)
9alpha-Fluoromedroxyprogesterone acetate (FMPA) is a synthetic analog of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). FMPA exhibited more potent anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activities in some assay systems than the parent agent, MPA. Exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Anecortave acetate, an(More)