Hiroshi Toyama

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SUMMARY The authors developed and applied two new linearized reference tissue models for parametric images of binding potential (BP) and relative delivery (R1) for [11C]DASB positron emission tomography imaging of serotonin transporters in human brain. The original multilinear reference tissue model (MRTM(O)) was modified (MRTM) and used to estimate a(More)
In an attempt to improve neuroreceptor distribution volume (V) estimates, the authors evaluated three alternative linear methods to Logan graphical analysis (GA): GA using total least squares (TLS), and two multilinear analyses, MA1 and MA2, based on mathematical rearrangement of GA equation and two-tissue compartments, respectively, using simulated and(More)
A bacterial strain that can utilize several kinds of alcohols as its sole carbon and energy sources was isolated from soil and tentatively identified as Pseudomonas putida HK5. Three distinct dye-linked alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs), each of which contained the prosthetic group pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), were formed in the soluble fractions of this(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of [11C]6-OH-BTA-1 and positron emission tomography (PET) to quantify β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques in the Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). PET imaging was performed with the NIH ATLAS small animal scanner in six elderly transgenic mice (Tg2576; age 22.0±1.8 months; 23.6±2.6 g) overexpressing a(More)
D-Mannitol dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.138) was purified and crystallized for the first time from the cell-free extract of Gluconobacter suboxydans IFO 12528. The enzyme was purified about 100-fold by a procedure involving ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-Sephadex A-50 column chromatography, and gel filtration by a Sephadex G-75 column. The enzyme was(More)
Parametric images are formed by analyzing the concentration history of every voxel in PET data sets. Because PET concentration data at the voxel level are rather noisy, noise propagation into the parametric image is often quite noticeable. To address this problem, a model-based clustering method has been developed to generate parametric images. The basic(More)
Using direct chimpanzee inoculation as an assay method, we tested the abilities of the following chemical or physical treatments to inactivate hepatitis B virus in human plasma: 1% aqueous glutaraldehyde at 24 degrees C for 5 min, 0.1% aqueous glutaraldehyde at 24 degrees C for 5 min, 80% ethyl alcohol at 11 degrees C for 2 min, and heat at 98 degrees C for(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of absolute quantification of regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMR(glc)) in mice by use of (18)F-FDG and a small animal PET scanner. rCMR(glc) determined with (18)F-FDG PET was compared with values determined simultaneously by the autoradiographic 2-(14)C-DG method. In addition, we(More)
Previous neuroimaging studies identified a large network of cortical areas involved in visual imagery in the human brain, which includes occipitotemporal and visual associative areas. Here we test whether the same processes can be elicited by tactile and auditory experiences in subjects who became blind early in life. Using positron emission tomography,(More)