Hiroshi Terada

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Uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria inhibit the coupling between the electron transport and phosphorylation reactions and thus inhibit ATP synthesis without affecting the respiratory chain and ATP synthase (H(+)-ATPase). Miscellaneous compounds are known to be uncouplers, but weakly acidic uncouplers are representative because they show(More)
Various reagents are known to open the mitochondrial permeability pore (PTP) and induce a permeability transition (PT), releasing apoptogenic proteins from the intermembrane space and triggering apoptosis. In this study, we examined the effect of Ag(+), a known cytotoxic sulfhydryl-reactive heavy metal, on isolated rat liver mitochondria. The following(More)
Inhalation delivery of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) microspheres (MS) loaded with the anti-tuberculosis agent rifampicin (RFP-PLGA MS) to alveolar macrophage (M phi) cells could be an effective drug delivery system for the treatment of tuberculosis. To examine this possibility, we studied (1) the bactericidal effect of RFP-PLGA MS on Mycobacterium(More)
Monodispersed PLGA microspheres containing rifampicin (RFP) have been prepared by solvent evaporation method using a Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane. The microspheres were spherical and their average diameter was about 2 microm. The loading efficiency of rifampicin was dependent on the molecular weight of PLGA. The higher loading efficiency was obtained(More)
The lungs have received attention as a portal for drug delivery in tuberculosis (TB) from researchers addressing diverse objectives. These include: (a) targeting alveolar macrophages that harbour TB bacilli; (b) maintaining high drug concentrations in lung tissue; (c) systemic delivery of potent or second-line anti-TB agents; and (d) delivering agents that(More)
This article presents a novel approach for readability assessment through sorting. A comparator that judges the relative readability between two texts is generated through machine learning, and a given set of texts is sorted by this comparator. Our proposal is advantageous because it solves the problem of a lack of training data, because the construction of(More)
Purpose of the present work was to study in vitro permeation of gold nanoparticles (NPs) through isolated rat skin and intestine. Another objective was to see the effect of particle size on permeation of the gold NP. Gold NP of 15 nm, 102 nm and 198 nm were synthesized and used for study. Franz diffusion cells were used to evaluate permeation of gold NP(More)
Nanoparticles effectively deliver therapeutic agent by penetrating into the skin. Indomethacin (IM) and coumarin-6 were loaded in PLGA nanoparticles with an average diameter of 100 nm. IM and coumarin-6 were chosen as a model drug and as a fluorescent marker, respectively. The surfaces of the nanoparticles were negatively charged. Permeability of IM-loaded(More)
The effect of a pungent ingredient of red pepper, capsaicin, on lipid peroxidation of rat liver mitochondria (RLM) induced by ADP/Fe(2+) was studied. Capsaicin inhibited the lipid peroxidation significantly, being more effective than the well-known antioxidant alpha-tocopherol. Capsaicin was also found to scavenge 1,1'-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)(More)