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Monodispersed PLGA microspheres containing rifampicin (RFP) have been prepared by solvent evaporation method using a Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane. The microspheres were spherical and their average diameter was about 2 microm. The loading efficiency of rifampicin was dependent on the molecular weight of PLGA. The higher loading efficiency was obtained(More)
Nanoparticles effectively deliver therapeutic agent by penetrating into the skin. Indomethacin (IM) and coumarin-6 were loaded in PLGA nanoparticles with an average diameter of 100 nm. IM and coumarin-6 were chosen as a model drug and as a fluorescent marker, respectively. The surfaces of the nanoparticles were negatively charged. Permeability of IM-loaded(More)
  • H Terada
  • 1990
Uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria inhibit the coupling between the electron transport and phosphorylation reactions and thus inhibit ATP synthesis without affecting the respiratory chain and ATP synthase (H(+)-ATPase). Miscellaneous compounds are known to be uncouplers, but weakly acidic uncouplers are representative because they show(More)
We examined the phagocytic activities of alveolar macrophages (NR8383 cells) toward poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) microspheres (MS) loaded with the anti-tuberculosis agent rifampicin (RFP), the sizes of which were between 1 microm and 10 microm. We found that 1) the phagocytosis was dependent greatly on the particle size and the number of particles(More)
It is well established that cytochrome c is released from mitochondria when the permeability transition (PT) of this organelle is induced by Ca2+. Our previous study showed that valinomycin also caused the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria but without inducing this PT (Shinohara, Y., Almofti, M. R., Yamamoto, T., Ishida, T., Kita, F., Kanzaki, H.,(More)
  • H Terada
  • 1975
Various physicochemical and biochemical properties of the most potent uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation known to date 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylidenemalononitrile (SF 6847), such as pH dependence of the uncoupling activity and binding to mitochondria, spectral properties in the presence of different types of liposomes, biopolymers and(More)
The effect of a pungent ingredient of red pepper, capsaicin, on lipid peroxidation of rat liver mitochondria (RLM) induced by ADP/Fe(2+) was studied. Capsaicin inhibited the lipid peroxidation significantly, being more effective than the well-known antioxidant alpha-tocopherol. Capsaicin was also found to scavenge 1,1'-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)(More)
Estradiol is a therapeutic agent for treatment of perimenopausal symptoms and osteoporosis. Conventional oral or intravenous administration of estradiol has many problems, such as, metabolization in gastrointestinal tract and liver, pain by using an injection needle, rapid increase of drug levels in blood and fast clearance with unwanted side effects(More)
Nanoparticles effectively deliver therapeutic agent by penetrating into the rat skin in vivo. Indomethacin (IM) and coumarin-6 were loaded in PLGA nanoparticles with an average diameter of 100 nm. Indomethacin (IM) and coumarin-6 were chosen as a model drug and as a fluorescent marker, respectively. The surfaces of the nanoparticles were negatively charged.(More)