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Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of channel proteins that allow water or very small solutes to pass, functioning in tissues where the rapid and regulated transport of fluid is necessary, such as the kidney, lung, and salivary glands. Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) has been demonstrated to localize on the luminal surface of the acinar cells of the salivary glands. In this(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) increases steady-state mRNA levels of several extracellular matrix proteins in mineralized connective tissues. Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is a major constituent of the bone matrix, thought to initiate and regulate the formation of mineral crystals. To determine the molecular pathways of TGF-beta 1 regulation of bone(More)
To elucidate the characteristics of human periodontal ligament cells, we compared these cells with gingival fibroblasts isolated from the periodontal tissues of female human subjects. Human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cells had a sharper spindle shape and exhibited a higher growth rate than human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). HPDL cells had a high level of(More)
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are the major anions in the large intestinal lumen. They are produced from dietary fiber by bacterial fermentation and are known to have a variety of physiological and pathophysiological effects on the intestine. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the SCFA(More)
We investigated the mechanism of guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) production in rabbit parotid acinar cells. Methacholine, a muscarinic cholinergic agonist, stimulated cGMP production in a dose-dependent manner but not isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic receptor stimulant. Methacholine-stimulated cGMP production has been suggested to be coupled to Ca2+(More)
In rabbit parotid acinar cells, the muscarinic cholinergic agonist methacholine induced an increase in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and provoked nitric oxide (NO) generation. Ca(2+)-mobilizing reagents such as thapsigargin and the Ca(2+) ionophore A23187 mimicked the effect of methacholine on NO generation. Methacholine-induced NO generation was(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) is a transcription factor and plays a key role in the expression of several genes involved in the inflammatory process. Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the key regulatory enzyme of the prostaglandin/eicosanoid synthetic pathway. COX-2 is a highly inducible enzyme by proinflammatory cytokines, of which gene expression is regulated by(More)
Amylase exocytosis of the parotid gland is mediated by intracellular cAMP. To investigate whether cAMP-dependent secretion has a mechanism similar to that of regulated neuroexocytosis, we examined the expression of synaptosome-associated proteins. In rat parotid acinar cells, we found 25 (p25) and 18 kDa (p18) proteins reacted with antibodies against Rab3A(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic receptor activation provokes cGMP formation in parotid acinar cells. We investigated the involvement of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE1) in cGMP breakdown in rabbit parotid acinar cells. The muscarinic agonist carbachol stimulated cGMP formation in the cells. The carbachol-induced cGMP formation(More)