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Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of channel proteins that allow water or very small solutes to pass, functioning in tissues where the rapid and regulated transport of fluid is necessary, such as the kidney, lung, and salivary glands. Aquaporin-5 (AQP5) has been demonstrated to localize on the luminal surface of the acinar cells of the salivary glands. In this(More)
To elucidate the characteristics of human periodontal ligament cells, we compared these cells with gingival fibroblasts isolated from the periodontal tissues of female human subjects. Human periodontal ligament (HPDL) cells had a sharper spindle shape and exhibited a higher growth rate than human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). HPDL cells had a high level of(More)
In salivary glands, primary saliva is produced by acini and is modified by the reabsorption and secretion of ions in the ducts. Thus, the permeability of intercellular junctions in the ducts is considered to be lower than in the acini. We have examined the relationship between the expressed claudin isotypes and the barrier functions of tight junctions in a(More)
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are the major anions in the large intestinal lumen. They are produced from dietary fiber by bacterial fermentation and are known to have a variety of physiological and pathophysiological effects on the intestine. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the SCFA(More)
In exocrine glands, secretory proteins synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) exhibit vectorial transport from ER through a succession of membrane-bounded components such as Golgi complex, condensing vacuoles and secretory granules. The secretory granules migrate to particular locations within the cell close to the apical membrane prior to the(More)
Bone sialoprotein (BSP), an early marker of osteoblast differentiation, has been implicated in the nucleation of hydroxyapatite during de novo bone formation. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has anabolic effects on proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts via diverse signal transduction systems. Because PGE2 increases the proportion of functional(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) is a transcription factor and plays a key role in the expression of several genes involved in the inflammatory process. Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the key regulatory enzyme of the prostaglandin/eicosanoid synthetic pathway. COX-2 is a highly inducible enzyme by proinflammatory cytokines, of which gene expression is regulated by(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) increases steady-state mRNA levels of several extracellular matrix proteins in mineralized connective tissues. Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is a major constituent of the bone matrix, thought to initiate and regulate the formation of mineral crystals. To determine the molecular pathways of TGF-beta 1 regulation of bone(More)
Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is a mineralized tissue-specific protein expressed by differentiated osteoblasts that appears to function in the initial mineralization of bone. Parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates serum calcium through its actions on bone cells, increases the expression of BSP in the rat osteosarcoma cell line (ROS 17/2.8). At 10(-8) M PTH(More)