Hiroshi Sugimoto

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Nitric oxide reductase (NOR) is an iron-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) to generate a major greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N(2)O). Here, we report the crystal structure of NOR from Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 2.7 angstrom resolution. The structure reveals details of the catalytic binuclear center. The non-heme iron (Fe(B))(More)
We determined the structure of the complex of the sensory histidine kinase (HK) and its cognate response regulator (RR) in the two-component signal transduction system of Thermotoga maritima. This was accomplished by fitting the high-resolution structures of the isolated HK domains and the RR onto the electron density map (3.8 A resolution) of the HK/RR(More)
Human indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) catalyzes the cleavage of the pyrrol ring of L-Trp and incorporates both atoms of a molecule of oxygen (O2). Here we report on the x-ray crystal structure of human IDO, complexed with the ligand inhibitor 4-phenylimidazole and cyanide. The overall structure of IDO shows two alpha-helical domains with the heme between(More)
The structure of quinol-dependent nitric oxide reductase (qNOR) from G. stearothermophilus, which catalyzes the reduction of NO to produce the major ozone-depleting gas N(2)O, has been characterized at 2.5 Å resolution. The overall fold of qNOR is similar to that of cytochrome c-dependent NOR (cNOR), and some structural features that are characteristic of(More)
Our previous studies revealed that the double variant of cytochrome P450 (CYP)105A1, R73V/R84A, has a high ability to convert vitamin D(3) to its biologically active form, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1α,25(OH)(2)D(3)], suggesting the possibility for R73V/R84A to produce 1α,25(OH)(2)D(3). Because Actinomycetes, including Streptomyces, exhibit properties(More)
Cytoglobin (Cgb), a newly discovered member of the vertebrate globin family, binds O(2) reversibly via its heme, as is the case for other mammalian globins (hemoglobin (Hb), myoglobin (Mb) and neuroglobin (Ngb)). While Cgb is expressed in various tissues, its physiological role is not clearly understood. Here, the X-ray crystal structure of wild type human(More)
CYP105A1 from Streptomyces griseolus has the capability of converting vitamin D 3 (VD 3) to its active form, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 3 (1alpha,25(OH) 2D 3) by a two-step hydroxylation reaction. Our previous structural study has suggested that Arg73 and Arg84 are key residues for the activities of CYP105A1. In this study, we prepared a series of single(More)
Vitamin D 3 (VD 3), a prohormone in mammals, plays a crucial role in the maintenance of calcium and phosphorus concentrations in serum. Activation of VD 3 requires 25-hydroxylation in the liver and 1alpha-hydroxylation in the kidney by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Bacterial CYP105A1 converts VD 3 into 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 3 (1alpha,25(OH) 2D 3) in(More)
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are found in organisms ranging from fish to bacteria, where they serve different functions to facilitate survival of their host. AFPs that protect freeze-intolerant fish and insects from internal ice growth bind to ice using a regular array of well-conserved residues/motifs. Less is known about the role of AFPs in freeze-tolerant(More)
Oligoxyloglucan reducing end-specific cellobiohydrolase (OXG-RCBH) is a unique exo-beta-1,4-glucanase that belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 74. The enzyme recognizes the reducing end of xyloglucan oligosaccharides and releases two glucosyl residue segments from the reducing end of the main chain. Previously, we reported that OXG-RCBH consists of two(More)