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A method for quantitative extraction of extravasated dye from the skin was studied in guinea pigs and rats. A simple method with a low cost and good recovery was established as follows; A piece of the skin containing extravasated dye was soaked overnight in a stoppered glass tube containing 1 ml of 1 N KOH at 37 C. Then, 9 ml of mixed solution of 0.6 N(More)
Leukotoxin (LX: 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate) which was previously found to be biosynthesized by neutrophils, exhibited a dominant cytotoxic activity toward human tumor cells as well as toward normal cells. At the concentration of 50-100 micrograms LX/ml cell culture medium, LX completely blocked the growth of the cells of several transformed cell lines(More)
Weakly tumorigenic and nonmetastatic QR-32 cells derived from a fibrosarcoma in C57BL6 mouse are converted to malignant cells once they have grown after being coimplanted with a gelatine sponge which induces inflammation. We administered a newly developed peroral superoxide dismutase (SOD), oxykine, and as control vehicle, gliadin and saline, starting 2(More)
Immunogenic properties of second generation human tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) derivatives were examined in chimpanzee and mouse systems. Five species of modified tPAs (mtPAs) (designated 2660, 2663, 2810, 8000, and 9200), recombinant native tPA or bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a positive control were subcutaneously injected nine times at suitable(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental factors, particularly commensal bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, may be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether natural milk antibodies against a wide spectrum of pathogenic enteromicobes and their toxins modify the disease activity in RA. METHODS Twenty(More)
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are considered to be caused by the host immune system which attacks and destroys its own tissue by mistake. A widely accepted hypothesis to explain the pathogenic mechanism of ADs is "molecular mimicry," which states that antibodies against an infectious agent cross-react with a self-antigen sharing an identical or similar(More)
Prior immunization of mice with the protein moiety of the endotoxin (OEP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated by Homma and his associates [1, 2], can protect mice against infection with any of 21 standard strains belonging to Fisher's immunotypes and Homma's serotypes. It is also confirmed that there is found a significant protection in mice each injected(More)
In vitro immunomodulatory properties of gangliosides have been well characterized such as the ganglioside-induced modulation of CD4 on T lymphocytes and inhibition of lectin-induced proliferative response of lymphocytes. These findings have led to an interesting suggestion that gangliosides play a role as in vivo immune modulators, although this possibility(More)
To study the possible involvement of potential environmental pathogens in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, it is essential to investigate antibody responses to a variety of environmental agents and autologous components. However, none of the conventional ELISA buffers can prevent the false positive and negative reactions attributed to its principal,(More)