Hiroshi Sameshima

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OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to study the neuroprotective effect of magnesium sulfate on hypoxicischemic brain damage and how the timing of magnesium administration changes its effect in the newborn rat. STUDY DESIGN Seven-day-old rats (n = 91) were exposed to unilateral carotid artery ligation followed by 2 hours of hypoxia (8% oxygen in 92% nitrogen).(More)
BACKGROUND Neonates with right ventricular outflow obstruction and intact ventricular septum show serious hemodynamic problems, such as severe hypoxemia, congestive heart failure due to massive tricuspid regurgitation, respiratory distress related to huge pulmonary hypoplasia or ventricular dysfunction due to right ventricle-coronary communication. Recent(More)
We present a case of fetal glioblastoma which appeared after 28 weeks' gestation. The first ultrasonographic finding was an enlarged fetal head with right shifted falx cerebri at 31 weeks' gestation. At 33 weeks, a large and high echogenic mass in the left hemisphere and right enlarged ventricle was identified. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was intended to investigate the temporal changes in heat shock protein 72 expression and microtubule-associated protein 2 disappearance in rat brain at 2 different ages after hypoxic-ischemic insult. STUDY DESIGN Both 5-day-old and 14-day-old Wistar rats were subjected to unilateral common carotid artery ligation and hypoxia in 8%(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously showed that acetylcholine receptor (AChR) agonist reduced hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in the newborn rats. To further investigated the interaction between hypoxia and chorinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, we examined the effect of AChR antagonist on brain damage and to see the relation between microglial activation and protective(More)
The prospective feasibility study was designed to determine whether treatment with antithrombin (AT) concentrates could be used for patients with severe preeclampsia to provide clinical efficacy without the full systemic antihypertensive drug. Twenty-nine severe preeclamptic patients (24 to 36 weeks of gestation, gestosis index [GI] >/= 6 points) were(More)
The free radical scavenger 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (MCI-186), which has been approved in Japan for use in patients with cerebral infarction, was used to treat ischemic-hypoxic brain damage in neonatal rats. Seven-day-old rat pups were subjected to a modified Levine procedure, then given either vehicle or MCI-186 (at one of three dosage levels:(More)
Stillbirth and dystocia are major factors reducing the productivity of beef cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of season, parity and gestation length on the rates of stillbirth and dystocia in Japanese Black cattle. Calving records were obtained from 905 farms in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. Data were collected from 41,116(More)
AIM We compared pregnancy outcomes in diabetic women with the background population in Miyazaki, Japan. METHODS In 1998, we started the regional, population-based, peer-review conference to investigate the possible causes of perinatal deaths. For this purpose, at least one obstetrician and one neonatologist congregated from each institution (one tertiary(More)
The characteristics of the spin-trapping reaction in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)-electron spin resonance (ESR) assay were examined, focusing on the kind of spin traps. 2,2-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) was used as a free radical initiator. The spin adducts of the AAPH-derived free radical were assigned as those of the(More)