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In order to determine the effects of the deletion of hydrogenase genes on nitrogenase-based photobiological H(2) productivity by heterocystous N(2)-fixing cyanobacteria, we have constructed three hydrogenase mutants from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: hupL(-) (deficient in the uptake hydrogenase), hoxH(-) (deficient in the bidirectional hydrogenase), and hupL(-)/(More)
The homotrimeric heat shock transcription factor (HSF) binds to the heat shock element of target genes and regulates transcription in response to various stresses. The Hsf1 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is extensively phosphorylated upon heat shock; a modification that is under positive regulation by its C-terminal regulatory domain (CTM).(More)
Heat shock factor (HSF) is an evolutionarily conserved stress-response regulator that activates the transcription of heat shock protein genes, whose products maintain protein homeostasis under normal physiological conditions, as well as under conditions of stress. The promoter regions of the target genes contain a heat shock element consisting of multiple(More)
Gene transcription changes dramatically in response to various stresses. This event is an obligatory step for adaptation of cells to certain environments. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) oxidoreductin encoded by the ERO1 gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for the formation of protein disulfide bonds in the ER and for cell viability. We show(More)
The yeast Gal11 protein is an important component of the Mediator complex in RNA polymerase II-directed transcription. Gal11 and the general transcription factor (TF) IIE are involved in regulation of the protein kinase activity of TFIIH that phosphorylates the carboxyl-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II. We have previously shown that Gal11 binds the(More)
Heat shock transcription factor (HSF), an evolutionarily conserved stress response regulator, forms trimers and binds to heat shock element (HSE), comprising at least three continuous inverted repeats of the sequence 5'-nGAAn-3'. The single HSF of yeast is also able to bind discontinuously arranged nGAAn units. We investigated interactions between three(More)
In response to hyperthermia, heat shock transcription factor (HSF) activates transcription of a set of genes encoding heat shock proteins (HSPs). The promoter regions of HSP genes contain the HSF binding sequence called the heat shock element (HSE), which consists of contiguous inverted repeats of the sequence 5'-nGAAn-3' (where n is any nucleotide). We(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the treatment effect and prognostic factors of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with chemoembolization for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) after hepatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-five consecutive patients who received combination therapy as a curative treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVES The current study examined the ability of a new adsorbent, CTR, to remove enterotoxins, toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), and cytokines from blood and/or serum in vitro and the effects of the extracorporeal treatment with CTR column on mortality rate and inflammatory responses to endotoxic shock in vivo. DESIGN Laboratory investigation. (More)