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In order to determine the effects of the deletion of hydrogenase genes on nitrogenase-based photobiological H(2) productivity by heterocystous N(2)-fixing cyanobacteria, we have constructed three hydrogenase mutants from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: hupL(-) (deficient in the uptake hydrogenase), hoxH(-) (deficient in the bidirectional hydrogenase), and hupL(-)/(More)
Heat shock factor (HSF) is an evolutionarily conserved stress-response regulator that activates the transcription of heat shock protein genes, whose products maintain protein homeostasis under normal physiological conditions, as well as under conditions of stress. The promoter regions of the target genes contain a heat shock element consisting of multiple(More)
Gene transcription changes dramatically in response to various stresses. This event is an obligatory step for adaptation of cells to certain environments. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) oxidoreductin encoded by the ERO1 gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for the formation of protein disulfide bonds in the ER and for cell viability. We show(More)
Heat shock transcription factor (HSF), an evolutionarily conserved stress response regulator, forms trimers and binds to heat shock element (HSE), comprising at least three continuous inverted repeats of the sequence 5'-nGAAn-3'. The single HSF of yeast is also able to bind discontinuously arranged nGAAn units. We investigated interactions between three(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the treatment effect and prognostic factors of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with chemoembolization for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) after hepatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-five consecutive patients who received combination therapy as a curative treatment of(More)
In response to hyperthermia, heat shock transcription factor (HSF) activates transcription of a set of genes encoding heat shock proteins (HSPs). The promoter regions of HSP genes contain the HSF binding sequence called the heat shock element (HSE), which consists of contiguous inverted repeats of the sequence 5'-nGAAn-3' (where n is any nucleotide). We(More)
The target genes of the heat shock transcription factor (HSF) contain a cis-acting sequence, the heat shock element (HSE), which consists of multiple inverted repeats of the sequence 5'-nGAAn-3'. Using data acquired in this and a previous study, we have identified the HSEs in 59 of 62 target genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hsf1. The Hsf1 protein(More)
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B)/Rel transcription factors are key regulators of a variety of genes involved in inflammatory responses, growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and development. There are increasing lines of evidence that NF-kappa B/Rel activity is controlled to a great extent by its phosphorylation state. In this study, we demonstrated that(More)