Hiroshi Sakuma

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The pathological hallmarks of secondary progressive (SP) multiple sclerosis (MS) include slowly expanding demyelination and axonal damage with less inflammation. To elucidate the pathomechanisms of secondary progressive (SP) multiple sclerosis (MS), we have investigated the expression of chemokines, chemokine receptors, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)(More)
Three unrelated Japanese patients who presented with ataxia and mild mental retardation were examined in this study. Early development was normal in two patients and slightly delayed in one. All could walk independently, but were unstable due to cerebellar ataxia. They had mild intellectual retardation and displayed slow, progressive, and mild clinical(More)
We report an autopsy case of respirator-assisted long-survival sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with extensive involvement extending beyond the motor system. The involved areas included the globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, red nucleus, substantia nigra, Clarke's column, intermediolateral nucleos, Onuf's (Onufrowicz) nucleus, middle root(More)
Severe experimental autoimmune myocarditis and subsequent dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were successfully produced in Lewis rats by immunization with recombinant cardiac C protein. Seventy-five percent of immunized rats died between days 15 and 49 postimmunization, and all of the survived rats showed typical DCM characterized by the presence of ventricular(More)
To delineate the evolution of non-epileptic and epileptic paroxysmal events in alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC), we reviewed clinical information of nine patients (4-40 years) with AHC. Paroxysmal abnormal ocular movements, head turning, and tonic, clonic, or myoclonic limb movements were the initial symptoms (birth-8m) in each patient. Ictal(More)
We measured anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) autoantibody levels and assessed B cell subsets using multicolor flow cytometry of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a recurrent anti-NMDAR encephalitis case to evaluate the effectiveness of rituximab treatment. Rituximab depleted CD20(+) fractions of naïve and memory B cell subsets and(More)
Mutations in the Aristaless-related homeobox (ARX) gene are associated with pleiotropic phenotypes including infantile spasms, mental retardation and dystonia. However, relatively consistent genotype-phenotype correlations have been emphasized in prior reports. We report a boy presenting with mental retardation, tonic seizures and dystonia but without(More)
Increasing evidence strongly suggest that CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells play a pivotal role in suppressing the development of autoimmune diseases. However, it remains poorly understood how these cells are involved in the persistence of, or recovery from, the diseases. In the present study, we examined the role of CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells in(More)
OBJECTIVE In Rasmussen syndrome (RS), in addition to the predominant involvement of cytotoxic T cells, heterogeneous autoantibodies against neural molecules are also found, but their function has not been elucidated. We examined antibodies to N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptor (GluR) subunits (GluN2B & GluN1) semi-quantitatively in(More)
We report a 1-year 6-month-old girl with ganglioglioma in the right medial temporal lobe who showed epileptic spasms in clusters. Spasms occasionally followed a dazed and fearful gaze. Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) showed diffuse bursts of slightly irregular high-voltage spikes and slow waves without hypsarrhythmia. The findings on ictal EEG,(More)