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We investigated associations among intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and polymorphisms of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase (MTR) genes and breast cancer risk in a Japanese population. A hospital based, case-control study was conducted in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, in 388 pairs of patients with(More)
Cadmium, an environmental pollutant, may act like an estrogen and be a potential risk factor for estrogen-dependent diseases such as breast cancer. We examined the hypothesis that higher dietary cadmium intake is associated with risk of overall and hormone receptor-defined breast cancer in Japanese women, a population with a relatively high cadmium intake.(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was conducted to confirm possible associations between candidate genes from genome-wide association studies and type 2 diabetes in Japanese diabetic patients and a community-based general population. A total of 11 previously reported single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the TCF7L2, CDKAL1, HHEX, IGF2BP2, CDKN2A/B, SLC30A8,(More)
Insulin resistance is a major cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Resistin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone, antagonizes insulin. Transgenic mice that overexpress the resistin gene (Retn) in adipose tissue are insulin-resistant, whereas Retn (-/-) mice show lower fasting blood glucose, suggesting that the altered Retn promoter function could cause(More)
Activation of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3B reduces free fatty acid output from adipocytes. Induction of PDE3B gene expression by adipocyte differentiation could improve insulin resistance. To examine whether the PDE3B promoter is activated by this differentiation, the 5' flanking sequence of the mouse PDE3B gene was isolated. The transcription initiation site(More)
OBJECTIVE Susceptibility of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene polymorphisms to obesity has been reported in various populations. Polymorphisms in the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene were recently explored as another susceptible locus. However, prognostic significance of these genetic variations has not been fully elucidated. Here, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the involvement of the chemokine/chemokine receptor system in cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Expression of the 4 C-C chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein 1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, and RANTES, and their receptors CCR-2 and CCR-5, was assessed in 11 OA(More)
To investigate the association between HLA antigens and Graves' disease among Japanese, serologic typing and DPB1 genotyping using the PCR-RFLP method have been performed. HLA alleles of 106 patients with Graves' disease were determined, and the frequency of HLA-B46 was found to be significantly increased. Furthermore, the frequencies of HLA antigens were(More)
To clarify heterogeneity in Japanese adult-onset type 1 diabetes, we analyzed the HLA-DR and -DQ haplotypes, depending on the clinical phenotype, and compared them with those in childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (CO). The patients in a previously reported Ehime Study were divided into subgroups by the mode of onset of diabetes: 68 acute-onset type 1 diabetic(More)
We report on a clear solar-cycle variation of the Sun’s shadow in the 10 TeV cosmic-ray flux observed by the Tibet air shower array during a full solar cycle from 1996 to 2009. In order to clarify the physical implications of the observed solar cycle variation, we develop numerical simulations of the Sun’s shadow, using the potential field source surface(More)