Hiroshi Onodera

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The blooms of toxic cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are causing problems in many countries. During a screening of toxic freshwater cyanobacteria in Brazil, three strains isolated from the State of Sao Paulo were found toxic by the mouse bioassay. They all were identified as Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii by a close morphological examination. Extracts of(More)
Along with decarbamoylsaxitoxin and decarbamoylgonyautoxin-2 and -3, six new saxitoxin analogues were isolated from the freshwater mat-forming filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei collected from Guntersville Reservoir on the Tennessee River in Alabama. Their structures were determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and several NMR(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been suggested that interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent inflammatory mediator and that it is synthesized and secreted into the brain parenchyma. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the contribution of IL-1 to brain edema formation after focal brain ischemia. METHODS The brain water content was measured to evaluate(More)
Montargil reservoir, located in a dry flat area in the centre of Portugal, was filled in 1958 to fulfil agricultural, electric and industrial requirements. In May 1996, an intensive bloom of phytoplankton was detected. The algal community was strongly dominated by cyanobacteria with predominance of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae from May to June and Microcystis(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between neutrophil infiltration into ischemic tissues and brain injury after transient focal ischemia. METHODS We evaluated the effects of depletion of circulating neutrophils by(More)
The C(4)-Pdk gene encoding the C(4) enzyme pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) of maize (Zea mays cv Golden Cross Bantam) was introduced into the C(3) plant, rice (Oryza sativa cv Kitaake). When the intact maize C(4)-Pdk gene, containing its own promoter and terminator sequences and exon/intron structure, was introduced, the PPDK activity in the leaves(More)
The expression of chemokine receptors on lymphocytes in the blood and CSF of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients was analyzed at relapse and remission. Both CD4+ and CD8+ cells in CSF at relapse were enriched for Th1-type receptors CXCR3 and CCR5 expression, and were reduced for Th2-type receptors CCR3 and CCR4 expression compared with those of the blood. CCR1(More)
Earlier we indicated that neutrophilic invasion into cerebral parenchyma is an important step in rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and the production of chemotactic factors, cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) precede the neutrophilic invasion. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of CINC production and the therapeutic(More)
We isolated a full-length cDNA clone for the zebrafish homologue of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 2. The deduced protein sequence is typical of vertebrate FGFRs in that it has three Ig-like domains in the extracellular region. The expression of fgfr2 is initiated during epiboly in the paraxial mesoderm. During early somitogenesis, fgfr2(More)
We wished to clarify the relationship between the sensitivity to induce hepato-renal toxicity and the level of cadmium (Cd) in the organs of rats exposed to minimum to large amounts of cadmium chloride (CdCl2). For this purpose, groups of female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, each consisting of 24 animals, were fed diet containing CdCl2 at concentrations of 0,(More)