Hiroshi Okada

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Prion protein (PrP) is a glycoprotein constitutively expressed on the neuronal cell surface. A protease-resistant isoform of prion protein is implicated in the pathogenesis of a series of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. We have developed a line of mice homozygous for a disrupted PrP gene in which the whole PrP-coding sequence is replaced by a(More)
We performed subtractive and differential hybridization for transcript comparison between murine fibroblasts and isogenic epithelium, and observed only a few novel intracellular genes which were relatively specific for fibroblasts. One such gene encodes a filament-associated, calcium-binding protein, fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1). The(More)
Thirty-five bacterial strains capable of converting dibenzothiophene into 2-hydroxybiphenyl were isolated. Among them Rhodococcus erythropolis KA2-5-1 was chosen for further characterization because of its ability to retain high desulfurization activity stably. PCR cloning and DNA sequencing of a KA2-5-1 genomic DNA fragment showed that it was practically(More)
OBJECTIVE A positron emission tomography (PET) study has suggested that dopamine transporter density of the caudate/putamen is reduced in methamphetamine users. The authors measured nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex density, in addition to caudate/putamen density, in methamphetamine users and assessed the relation of these measures to the subjects'(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a new method for the curative treatment of early gastrointestinal neoplasms, which was developed in order to increase the en bloc and R0 resection rate, especially for lesions larger than 20 mm in diameter. Drawbacks of ESD include the fact that it is technically a substantially more(More)
Paenibacillus A11-2 can efficiently cleave two carbon&bond;sulfur bonds in dibenzothiophene (DBT) and alkyl DBTs, which are refractory by conventional petroleum hydrodesulfurization, to remove sulfur atom at high temperatures. An 8.7-kb DNA fragment containing the genes for the DBT desulfurizing enzymes of A11-2 was cloned in Escherichia coli and(More)
A seamless plasticity exists among cells shifting between epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes during early development and again later, in adult tissues, following wound repair or organ remodeling in response to injury. Fsp1, a gene encoding a fibroblast-specific protein associated with mesenchymal cell morphology and motility, is expressed during(More)
Two hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies to poly(adenosine diphosphate ribose) [poly(ADP-Rib)] were established. One antibody, 10H (IgG3, kappa), bound to most of the poly(ADP-Rib) preparation, which consisted of molecules of various sizes of more than 20 ADP-Rib residues. The binding of this antibody was inhibited by not only poly-(ADP-Rib) but also(More)
We have isolated the genomic and cDNA clones encoding EG III (a low-molecular-mass endo-beta-1,4-glucanase) gene from Trichoderma reesei QM9414. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA fragment was verified to contain a 702-bp open reading frame that encodes a 234-amino-acid propeptide. The deduced protein sequence has significant homologies with family H(More)
According to the 'hygiene hypothesis', the decreasing incidence of infections in western countries and more recently in developing countries is at the origin of the increasing incidence of both autoimmune and allergic diseases. The hygiene hypothesis is based upon epidemiological data, particularly migration studies, showing that subjects migrating from a(More)