Hiroshi Ohnishi

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Costimulatory signals are required for activation of immune cells, but it is not known whether they contribute to other biological systems. The development and homeostasis of the skeletal system depend on the balance between bone formation and resorption. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) regulates the differentiation of bone-resorbing cells,(More)
KL-6, surfactant protein (SP)-A, SP-D, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are reported to be sensitive markers for interstitial lung diseases (ILD). However, each marker has been studied independently. The aim of this study was a comparative analysis of the diagnostic values of these markers. Subjects consisted of 33 patients with ILD (21 cases(More)
BACKGROUND Due to the small number of patients and differences in the pathologic classification in most radiotherapy series, information regarding the adequacy of tumor control in patients with ocular-adnexal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) is limited. METHODS A multiinstitutional, retrospective study was(More)
Signal regulatory protein (SIRP)alpha, also known as SHPS-1 or SIRPA, is a transmembrane protein that binds to the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 through its cytoplasmic region and is predominantly expressed in neurons, dendritic cells and macrophages. CD47, a widely expressed transmembrane protein, is a ligand for SIRPalpha, with the two(More)
Rab3 proteins are members of the family of Ras-like monomeric GTP-binding proteins that have been implicated in secretion in neuronal cells. Although an isoform of Rab3 has been assumed to exist in pancreatic acini, its identity has not yet been established. We now report that Rab3D is present in rat pancreatic acini and is localized to the zymogen granule(More)
SHP-2 is a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) that contains two Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. Although PTPs are generally considered to be negative regulators on the basis of their ability to oppose the effects of protein tyrosine kinases, SHP-2 is unusual in that it promotes the activation of the Ras-MAPK signaling pathway by receptors for(More)
BACKGROUND The current study assessed the contribution of spinal irradiation to the treatment outcome of patients with intracranial germinoma. METHODS Clinical data from 180 patients with intracranial germinoma, who were treated with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy from 1980 to 2001, were collected from 6 institutions. The patients' median age was 16(More)
Rab3D, a member of the ras-related GTP-binding protein Rab family, is localized to secretory granules of various exocrine tissues such as acinar cells of the pancreas, chief cells of the stomach, and parotid and lacrimal secretory cells. To elucidate the function of Rab3D in exocytosis, we have generated transgenic mice that over-express Rab3D specifically(More)
The development of axons and dendrites is controlled by small GTP-binding proteins of the Rho family, but the upstream signaling mechanisms responsible for such regulation remain unclear. We have now investigated the role of the transmembrane protein cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47) in this process with hippocampal neurons. CD47-deficient neurons(More)
Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) substrate-1 (SHPS-1) is a transmembrane protein that is expressed predominantly in macrophages. Its extracellular region interacts with the transmembrane ligand CD47 expressed on the surface of adjacent cells, and its cytoplasmic region binds the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and(More)