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The ndhD gene encodes a membrane protein component of NAD(P)H dehydrogenase. The genome of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 contains 6 ndhD genes. Three mutants were constructed by disrupting highly homologous ndhD genes in pairs. Only the DeltandhD1/DeltandhD2 (DeltandhD1/D2) mutant was unable to grow under photoheterotrophic conditions and exhibited low(More)
The linoleic acid hydroperoxide obtained by enzymatic peroxidation of linoleic acid was found to react with thiobarbituric acid to yield a red pigment. The optimum pH for the reaction was found to be 4.0. In the early stages of peroxidation of linoleic acid, thiobarbituric acid value, the amount of conjugated diene, oxygen consumption, and peroxide value(More)
RATIONALE N-Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonism and GABA(A) receptor activation are believed to be critical targets for general anesthetic action. However, as NMDA antagonism of intravenous anesthetic agents causes post-anesthetic emergence reactions such as hallucination and agitation, while the GABA(A)-mimetic intravenous anesthetic agents do(More)
Photosystem II (PSII), the enzyme responsible for photosynthetic oxygen evolution, is a rapidly turned over membrane protein complex. However, the factors that regulate biogenesis of PSII are poorly defined. Previous proteomic analysis of the PSII preparations from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 detected a novel protein, Psb29 (Sll1414),(More)
We have investigated the effect of clonidine on ketamine-induced norepinephrine release from the medial prefrontal cortex in rats using microdialysis. Twenty-one male Wistar rats weighing 200-300 g were allocated randomly to one of four groups: i.p. injection of ketamine 100 mg kg-1 with clonidine 0 (saline: group C0, n = 6), 3 (group C3, n = 5), 30 (group(More)
The electrical and mechanical activity of the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig prostate gland was studied. The electrical activity of the cells was recorded intracellularly. The resting membrane potential was about -50-60 mV. The majority of cells was electrically quiescent but some cells generated action potentials spontaneously in the normal solution. The(More)
Four enzymes, namely, the maize C(4)-specific phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), the maize C(4)-specific pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK), the sorghum NADP-malate dehydrogenase (MDH), and the rice C(3)-specific NADP-malic enzyme (ME), were overproduced in the mesophyll cells of rice plants independently or in combination. Overproduction(More)
PURPOSE To study the effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane on noradrenaline release from the rat preoptic area (POA). METHOD Sixteen male Wistar rats were studied. A microdialysis probe with a 2 mm long semipermeable membrane was implanted in the POA. Dialysates were collected at intervals often minutes. After obtaining five control samples for 50 min, 30(More)
There are marked increases in noradrenaline (NA) release during emergence from general anesthesia induced with volatile anesthestics. These changes in NA in the posterior hypothalamus of the rat were assessed by intracranial microdialysis. Sevoflurane and halothane in equipotent concentrations were used to obtain the same depth of anesthesia. NA release(More)