Hiroshi Ogawa

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We have performed an in situ test of the iron limitation hypothesis in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean. A single enrichment of dissolved iron caused a large increase in phytoplankton standing stock and decreases in macronutrients and dissolved carbon dioxide. The dominant phytoplankton species shifted after the iron addition from pennate diatoms to a(More)
Iron supply has a key role in stimulating phytoplankton blooms in high-nitrate low-chlorophyll oceanic waters. However, the fate of the carbon fixed by these blooms, and how efficiently it is exported into the ocean's interior, remains largely unknown. Here we report on the decline and fate of an iron-stimulated diatom bloom in the Gulf of Alaska. The bloom(More)
A brain-computer-interface (BCI) allows the user to control a device or software with brain activity. Many BCIs rely on visual stimuli with constant stimulation cycles that elicit steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEP) in the electroencephalogram (EEG). This EEG response can be generated with a LED or a computer screen flashing at a constant(More)
We have reported protective effects of dietary administration of a powder " CHRP " containing high amounts of ␤-cryp-toxanthin and hesperidin prepared from a Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.) juice on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced rat aberrant crypt foci through suppression of crypt cell proliferation and/or induction of detoxifying enzymes. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated by acute revascularization is uncertain, and the optimal pharmacotherapy for such cases has not been fully evaluated. METHODS To elucidate the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors in diabetic patients with AMI, a prospective, cohort study involving(More)
24 times a year (twice monthly) by the American Physiological Society, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD systems with techniques linking genes and pathways to physiology, from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. It is published publishes results of a wide variety of studies from human and from informative model Physiological Genomics
R-spondin (RSPO) gene fusions have recently been discovered in a subset of human colorectal cancer (CRC) in the U.S. population; however, whether the fusion is recurrent in CRC arising in patients from the other demographic areas and whether it is specific for CRC remain uncertain. In this study, we examined 75 primary CRCs and 121 primary lung cancers in(More)
The cancer-related attitudes and beliefs of adults living in central Japan (N = 357) were compared to those of respondents in a US state (Hawaii) (N = 223) consisting of both Japanese (n = 106) and Caucasian (n = 117) individuals. Almost all US subjects endorsed doctors disclosing cancer diagnoses to their patients, while a minority of the Japan sample(More)
We evaluated the newly developed whole-brain, isotropic, 3-dimensional turbo spin-echo imaging with variable flip angle echo train (SPACE) for contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted imaging in detecting brain metastases at 3 tesla (T). Twenty-two patients with suspected brain metastases underwent postcontrast study with SPACE, magnetization-prepared rapid(More)
Mitosis is the most conspicuous cell cycle phase and Shugoshin-like 1 (SGOL1) is a key protein in protecting sister chromatids from precocious separation during mitosis. We studied the role of SGOL1 and its splice variants in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using 82 frozen NSCLC tissue samples. SGOL1-B expression was prevalent in smokers, in cases with a(More)