Hiroshi Nouda

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The in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of SM-17466, a new 1 beta-methyl carbapenem, were evaluated against a wide range of clinical bacterial isoaltes and compared with the activities of meropenem, imipenem, vancomycin, and arbekacin. SM-17466 had a broad spectrum of action against gram-positive bacteria, showing especially potent activity(More)
The neurotoxic potencies are considerably different among various beta-lactam antibiotics. Some carbapenem antibiotics, a new class beta-lactam antibiotic, also induce convulsion in human and laboratory animals. This article reviews the structure activity relationship for the neurotoxicity of beta-lactam antibiotics, especially carbapenems. As for the(More)
To date, three carbapenem antibiotics have been introduced for clinical use, and they can be structurally classified into two types. One is a natural type that has the naturally-occurring carbapenem skeleton and a strongly basic (cationic) moiety in the C-2 side chain, like imipenem or panipenem. The other is a new generation carbapenem, meropenem, which(More)
In order to analyze the mutual displacement effects on the protein binding of beta-lactam antibiotics, binding experiments with the human serum albumin (HSA) were performed for cephalothin (CET) and phenoxymethylpenicillin (PCV) by using the centrifugal ultrafiltration method. The numbers of primary and secondary binding sites, n1 and n2, and the affinity(More)
group exhibits an extended antimicrobial spectrum including anti-pseudomonal activity and high stability to renal dehydropeptidase-I (DHP-I)1}. From the structureactivity relationship studies, we found that the basicity of the C-2 side chain is important for exhibiting antimicrobial activity especially against Pseudomonas aeruginosa by supporting good(More)
The antagonism of the antipseudomonal activity of ceftazidime by meropenem (1a) was much less than those by imipenem (2a) and panipenem (2b). To reveal the major structural features of carbapenem compounds responsible for the antagonism, we investigated the structure-activity relationships of carbapenems to their antagonism of the antipseudomonal activity(More)
The neurotoxicity of meropenem was much lower than that of both imipenem and panipenem after intraventricular administration to mice. To clarify the major structural features responsible for the induction of convulsions by carbapenem antibiotics, the structure-activity relationship on convulsant activity was investigated in N-acetyl-2-pyrroline and(More)
The stability of meropenem in the presence of renal dehydropeptidase I (DHP-I) varied extremely with the animal source of the enzyme. Meropenem, compared with imipenem, was rather easily hydrolyzed by DHP-Is from mice, rabbits, and monkeys, while it showed a higher resistance to guinea pig and beagle dog DHP-Is. In addition, meropenem was four times more(More)