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Transplantation of neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs) is a promising strategy for repair after spinal cord injury. However, the epicenter of the severely damaged spinal cord is a hostile environment that results in poor survival of the transplanted NSPCs. We examined implantation of extramedullary chitosan channels seeded with NSPCs derived from(More)
This article reviews bioengineered strategies for spinal cord repair using tissue engineered scaffolds and drug delivery systems. The pathophysiology of spinal cord injury (SCI) is multifactorial and multiphasic, and therefore, it is likely that effective treatments will require combinations of strategies such as neuroprotection to counteract secondary(More)
OBJECTIVE Previously, we reported that synthetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (PHEMA-MMA) channels promoted regeneration of a small number of axons from brainstem motor nuclei yet provided limited functional recovery after complete spinal cord transection at T8 in rats. However, we found that these modulus channels partially(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe a new strategy to promote axonal regeneration after subacute or chronic spinal cord injury consisting of intramedullary implantation of chitosan guidance channels containing peripheral nerve (PN) grafts. METHODS Chitosan channels filled with PN grafts harvested from green fluorescent protein rats were implanted in the cavity 1 week(More)
Axonal dieback is a process in which axons in spinal tracts retract away from the initial site of injury. The purpose of this project is to study the dynamics of dieback in corticospinal tract (CST) axons after various time intervals post-injury, to find the optimal spatial-temporal window for regenerative treatment. Rats received transection injuries at(More)
The pH effects on frog gustatory responses to alkali-metal and alkali-earth-metal chloride salts were examined using single fungi-form papilla preparations. Responses to 0.1-0.5 M NaCl were clearly dependent upon the pH of the stimulating solutions. The responses increased as the pH decreased from 6.5 to 4.5 and were almost completely suppressed at pH's(More)
OBJECTIVE The Chiari I malformation is a rare disorder characterized by downward herniation of the brainstem and cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. Many individuals with the Chiari I malformation do not become symptomatic until adulthood, and the factors that contribute to the onset of symptoms have not been well characterized. The purpose of(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate acute to subacute molecular episodes in the dorsal horn following root avulsion using immunohistochemical methods with the markers for synapses, astrocytes and such stress-responsive molecules as heat shock proteins (Hsps) and p38 MAP kinase (p38). Among them, Hsp27 was accumulated selectively in the injured(More)
The aim of this study was to understand the survival and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) cultured on chitosan matrices in vivo in a complete transection model of spinal cord injury. NSPCs were isolated from the subependyma of lateral ventricles of adult GFP transgenic rat forebrains. The GFP-positive neurospheres were seeded onto the(More)
Hydrolysis of scalemic trichloroacetamides Cl(3)CCONHCH(R)CHCH(2) and allylation, or acylation with but-3-enoic acid, followed by ring-closing metathesis resulted in the formation of unsaturated pyrrolidine and piperidine building blocks. These were employed in the synthesis of (S)-coniine (R = Pr) and a formal synthesis of (+)-anisomycin (R =(More)