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This paper introduces a frequency and timing period acquisition technique for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The proposed technique estimates both the frequency and timing pesiod offsets at the time by using only one pilot symbol with its suitable frequency assignment. Pseudo noise (PN) sequences are introduced to assign these(More)
The mechanism by which glucocorticoids induce GH expression between embryonic days 18 and 19 (E18-19) in the fetal rat pituitary gland was examined with an in vitro organ culture system. Twenty-four hour incubation of E18 pituitary glands in serum-free medium containing either dexamethasone (DEX, 5-50 nM) or corticosterone (0.55 microM) resulted in a(More)
Distribution and development of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) mRNA expression in rat brain and pituitary gland were examined using ribonuclease protection assay. In adult male rats, GHS-R mRNA levels were highest in the pituitary gland, whereas those in the hypothalamus and hippocampus were 57 and 30% of those in the pituitary gland,(More)
The fine structural characteristics of normal rat corticotrophs stained with anti-porcine ACTH1-39 serum were studied. At the ultrastructure level immunoreactive corticotrophs appear to comprise four distinct cell types: (1) large stellate cells (Siperstein cells) containing granules (170-250 nm in diameter) arranged in a peripheral row and usually(More)
Anterior pituitary gland of the spontaneous dwarf rat (SDR) with isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency was studied using immunocytochemistry, cell count and in situ hybridization. The standard immunocytochemistry of five anterior pituitary hormones [adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, prolactin (PRL) and(More)
S-100 protein, one of the unique proteins found in the nervous system, has recently been discovered unexpectedly in the rat anterior pituitary. Immunocytochemistry reveals that stellate, follicular and folliculostellate cells, and marginal cells of the rat anterior pituitary contain this protein; however, as far as we know, there are no reports on the(More)
The superimposition technique and protein A-gold method of immunoelectron microscopy were employed to study the ultrastructure of corticotropes as well as melanotropes in the ferret pituitary gland. This is the first study ever elucidating the ultrastructural heterogeneity of melanotropes in mammalian pars intermedia on an immunocytochemical basis.(More)
Changes in the immunoreactivity of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) cells and in their fine structure were studied in 4-day-cyclic female rats along with the radioimmunoassay of pituitary and serum LH. Pituitary LH increased during diestrus (DE) and in early proestrus (PE) to a maximal level at noon of PE, followed by a marked decrease by 2100 h PE. Serum(More)